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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2014, Article ID 542351, 16 pages
Research Article

A Systematic Evaluation Model for Solar Cell Technologies

1Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, National Chiao-Tung University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan
2Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, National Chin-Yi University of Technology, Taichung 411, Taiwan
3Department of Technology Management, Chung Hua University, No. 707, Sector 2, WuFu Road, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan

Received 4 October 2013; Revised 12 February 2014; Accepted 13 February 2014; Published 17 April 2014

Academic Editor: Ching-Ter Chang

Copyright © 2014 Chang-Fu Hsu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Fossil fuels, including coal, petroleum, natural gas, and nuclear energy, are the primary electricity sources currently. However, with depletion of fossil fuels, global warming, nuclear crisis, and increasing environmental consciousness, the demand for renewable energy resources has skyrocketed. Solar energy is one of the most popular renewable energy resources for meeting global energy demands. Even though there are abundant studies on various solar technology developments, there is a lack of studies on solar technology evaluation and selection. Therefore, this research develops a model using interpretive structural modeling (ISM), benefits, opportunities, costs, and risks concept (BOCR), and fuzzy analytic network process (FANP) to aggregate experts' opinions in evaluating current available solar cell technology. A case study in a photovoltaics (PV) firm is used to examine the practicality of the proposed model in selecting the most suitable technology for the firm in manufacturing new products.