Mathematical Problems in Engineering

Volume 2014, Article ID 581962, 11 pages

http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/581962

## Generalizations of Refined Hölder’s Inequalities and Their Applications

^{1}College of Science and Technology, North China Electric Power University, Baoding, Hebei 071051, China^{2}Department of Information Engineering, China University of Geosciences Great Wall College, Baoding 071000, China

Received 15 May 2014; Accepted 16 September 2014; Published 30 October 2014

Academic Editor: Ashraf M. Zenkour

Copyright © 2014 Jingfeng Tian and Wen-Li Wang. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

#### Abstract

We present several new generalized versions of refined Hölder’s inequalities proposed by Tian and Hu. And then we obtained some new generalized and sharp versions of Hölder’s inequalities. As the applications, the obtained results are used to improve Aczél-Popoviciu type inequality and Aczél-Vasić-Pečarić inequality.

#### 1. Introduction

The famous Hölder’s inequality asserts that where , and . The sign of inequality is reversed for . For , we assume that . The above inequality plays an important role in many areas of pure and applied mathematics. In recent years, considerable attention has been given to this inequality involving its generalizations, refinements, variations, and applications (see [1–5] and references therein). Among various generalizations of (1), Vasić and Pečarić in [6] presented the following important theorems.

Theorem A. *Let . If are positive numbers such that , then
*

*Theorem B. Let .(a)If , and if , then
(b)If ,
*

*In 2013, Tian and Hu [7] established some interesting refinements of inequalities (2), (3), and (4) as follows.*

*Theorem C. Let , let , , and let Then
*

*Theorem D. Let .(a)If , and if , then
(b)If , and if , then
(c)If , then
where .*

*The main goal of this paper is to give generalizations of inequality (5), (6), (7), and (8), and then some new generalized and sharp versions of Hölder’s inequalities are given. Moreover, the obtained results will be applied to improve Aczél-Popoviciu type inequality and Aczél-Vasić-Pečarić inequality.*

*2. Generalizations of Refined Hölder’s Inequalities*

*2. Generalizations of Refined Hölder’s Inequalities*

*In order to prove our main results, we need the following lemmas.*

*Lemma 1 (see [8]). If or , then
The sign of inequality is reversed for .*

*Lemma 2 (see [9]). If , then
The sign of inequality is reversed for or .*

*Lemma 3 (see [10]). Let . Then
*

*Next we provide the generalization of inequality (5).*

*Theorem 4. Let , let , and let , . Then
*

*Proof. *After some simple calculations, we obtain
*Case (I).* When , then . Obviously, inequality (12) is equivalent to inequality (5). *Case (II)*. Let be even and let . Write , which implies . By inequality (2), we have
Consequently, according to , by using inequality (2) on the right side of (14), we observe that
Additionally, by using Lemma 2 on the right side of (15), we have
Combining inequalities (13), (15), and (16) we can get

Furthermore, noting that
we have
Consequently, from (17) and (19), we obtain the desired inequality (12) when is even. *Case (III).* Let be odd and let . By the same method as in the above Case , we have

*If we set , then from Theorem 4 we obtain a new generalized and sharp version of Hölder’s inequality (1) as follows.*

*Corollary 5. Let , and let . Then
*

*Moreover, by using Theorem 4 and Lemma 3 we obtain the following refinement and generalization of the Hölder’s inequality (2).*

*Corollary 6. Let , let , and let . Then
*

*Similarly, if we set , , , , , then from Corollary 6 we obtain the following refinement and generalization of the Hölder’s inequality (1).*

*Corollary 7. Let , , and let . Then
*

*Next, we will give the generalizations of inequalities (6), (7), and (8).*

*Theorem 8. Let , let , , and let . Then
where .*

*Proof. **Case (I).* When , with . Obviously, , which implies . From inequality (3), we have

Consequently, according to , by using the inequality (3) on the right side of (25), we observe that
Moreover, using Lemma 2 together with , we find

Combining inequalities (13), (26), and (27) we can get

Furthermore, noting that
we have
Consequently, from Lemma 1 and the inequalities (28) and (30), we have the desired inequality (24). *Case (II).* When with , then . The inequality (24) is equivalent to inequalities (6) and (7). *Case (III).* When , then . Inequality (24) is equivalent to inequality (8).

*If we set , then from Theorem 8 we obtain the following refinement and generalization of the Hölder’s inequality (1).*

*Corollary 9. Let , and let . Then
where .*

*3. Applications*

*3. Applications*

*In this section, we show two applications of our new inequalities. Firstly, we provide an application of the obtained results to improve the Aczél-Popoviciu type inequality, which is due to Wu and Debnath.*

*The classical Aczél [11] inequality states that if , , , , then
*

*As is well-known, Aczél’s inequality plays an important role in the theory of functional equations in non-Euclidean geometry, and many researchers (see [12–17] and references therein) have given considerable attention to this inequality and its generalizations and refinements.*

*In 1959, Popoviciu [18] presented the following extension of inequality (32).*

*Theorem E. Let , and let , , , . Then
*

*The inequality (33) is called Aczél-Popoviciu inequality.*

*Later, in 1982, Vasić and Pečarić [5] obtained the reversed version of inequality (33). The inequality is called Aczél-Vasić-Pečarić inequality.*

*Theorem F. Let , and let , , , . Then
*

*In a recent paper [19], Wu and Debnath established an interesting generalization of Aczél-Popoviciu inequality (33) as follows.*

*Theorem G. Let , , , , , , and let . Then
*

*Next, by using Corollary 6 we present the following refinement of inequality (35).*

*Theorem 10. Let , let , , , , , and let . Then
where .*

*Proof. *Denote
Since , we obtain . From Corollary 6, we have
therefore,
Substituting
into the inequality (39), we have the desired inequality (36).

*Finally, we give the following Aczél-Vasić-Pečarić type inequality, which is the refinement of Aczél-Vasić-Pečarić inequality (34).*

*Theorem 11. Let , let , , , , and let . Then
where .*

*Proof. *By the same method a