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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 595383, 11 pages
Research Article

A Simple and High Performing Rate Control Initialization Method for H.264 AVC Coding Based on Motion Vector Map and Spatial Complexity at Low Bitrate

Department of Smart Information Systems, Jeonju University, 303 Cheonjam-ro, Wansan-gu, Jeonju 560-759, Republic of Korea

Received 13 October 2013; Revised 20 November 2013; Accepted 26 November 2013; Published 8 January 2014

Academic Editor: Gelan Yang

Copyright © 2014 Yalin Wu and Sun-Woo Ko. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The temporal complexity of video sequences can be characterized by motion vector map which consists of motion vectors of each macroblock (MB). In order to obtain the optimal initial QP (quantization parameter) for the various video sequences which have different spatial and temporal complexities, this paper proposes a simple and high performance initial QP determining method based on motion vector map and temporal complexity to decide an initial QP in given target bit rate. The proposed algorithm produces the reconstructed video sequences with outstanding and stable quality. For any video sequences, the initial QP can be easily determined from matrices by target bit rate and mapped spatial complexity using proposed mapping method. Experimental results show that the proposed algorithm can show more outstanding objective and subjective performance than other conventional determining methods.