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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2014, Article ID 601418, 10 pages
Research Article

Evaluation Standard for Safety Coefficient of Roller Compacted Concrete Dam Based on Finite Element Method

1Engineering Safety and Disaster Prevention Department, Changjiang River Scientific Research Institute, Wuhan 430010, China
2Construction Design Department, Changjiang Institute of Survey, Planning, Design and Research, Wuhan 430010, China
3Center of Construction Management & Quality & Safety Supervision, MWR, Beijing 100038, China

Received 16 March 2014; Revised 27 May 2014; Accepted 10 June 2014; Published 6 July 2014

Academic Editor: Yan-Jun Liu

Copyright © 2014 Bo Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The lack of evaluation standard for safety coefficient based on finite element method (FEM) limits the wide application of FEM in roller compacted concrete dam (RCCD). In this paper, the strength reserve factor (SRF) method is adopted to simulate gradual failure and possible unstable modes of RCCD system. The entropy theory and catastrophe theory are used to obtain the ultimate bearing resistance and failure criterion of the RCCD. The most dangerous sliding plane for RCCD failure is found using the Latin hypercube sampling (LHS) and auxiliary analysis of partial least squares regression (PLSR). Finally a method for determining the evaluation standard of RCCD safety coefficient based on FEM is put forward using least squares support vector machines (LSSVM) and particle swarm optimization (PSO). The proposed method is applied to safety coefficient analysis of the Longtan RCCD in China. The calculation shows that RCCD failure is closely related to RCCD interface strength, and the Longtan RCCD is safe in the design condition. Considering RCCD failure characteristic and combining the advantages of several excellent algorithms, the proposed method determines the evaluation standard for safety coefficient of RCCD based on FEM for the first time and can be popularized to any RCCD.