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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2014, Article ID 687942, 11 pages
Research Article

A Multi-Criterion Analysis of Cross-Strait Co-Opetitive Strategy in the Crystalline Silicon Solar Cell Industry

1Department of Business Administration, Chung Yuan Christian University, 200 Chung Pei Road, Chungli 32023, Taiwan
2Institute of Creative Industry Design, National Cheng Kung University, No. 1, University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan

Received 3 July 2013; Revised 28 September 2013; Accepted 24 October 2013; Published 16 March 2014

Academic Editor: Jung-Fa Tsai

Copyright © 2014 Hsiao-Chi Chen and Chia-Han Yang. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The research adopts multi-criterion analysis to face cross-strait cooperative and competitive (co-opetitive) strategies problem in the crystalline silicon solar cell industry between Taiwan and China. The analysis framework is based on the national competitiveness. The Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) approach and TOPSIS analysis are applied to analyze firm-level data, gathered from the solar cell companies across the Taiwan Strait. For the Taiwanese firms, their relative national competitiveness lies in technology development, domestic market, international competition in related industries, and subsidy policy. For the Chinese firms, domestic market, procurement conditions, customization, intellectual resources, risk capital, and human quality are found to be their competitive advantages. Both China and Taiwan have entered into the emerging solar cell industry, with an aim to climb beyond the ladder of catch up. The results have shown that Taiwan and China can explore the possibility of forging strategic alliances by exploiting national competitiveness on the demand side. Above all, the paper has managed to spotlight demand conditions as the crucial factors for China and Taiwan to enhance their international competitiveness in the emerging solar cell industry.