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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2014, Article ID 789234, 18 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/789234
Research Article

Expert System for Competences Evaluation 360° Feedback Using Fuzzy Logic

1Division of Research and Postgraduate Studies, Instituto Tecnológico de Orizaba, Avenida Instituto Tecnológico 852, Colonia Emiliano Zapata, 94300 Orizaba,VER, Mexico
2Division of Research and Postgraduate Studies, Instituto Tecnológico Superior de Misantla, Km. 1.8 Carretera a Loma del Cojolite, 93821 Misantla, VER, Mexico

Received 11 April 2014; Revised 24 June 2014; Accepted 25 June 2014; Published 24 July 2014

Academic Editor: Jer-Guang Hsieh

Copyright © 2014 Alberto Alfonso Aguilar Lasserre et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Performance evaluation (PE) is a process that estimates the employee overall performance during a given period, and it is a common function carried out inside modern companies. PE is important because it is an instrument that encourages employees, organizational areas, and the whole company to have an appropriate behavior and continuous improvement. In addition, PE is useful in decision making about personnel allocation, productivity bonuses, incentives, promotions, disciplinary measures, and dismissals. There are many performance evaluation methods; however, none is universal and common to all companies. This paper proposes an expert performance evaluation system based on a fuzzy logic model, with competences 360° feedback oriented to human behavior. This model uses linguistic labels and adjustable numerical values to represent ambiguous concepts, such as imprecision and subjectivity. The model was validated in the administrative department of a real Mexican manufacturing company, where final results and conclusions show the fuzzy logic method advantages in comparison with traditional 360° performance evaluation methodologies.