Mathematical Problems in Engineering / 2014 / Article / Tab 4

Research Article

Fusion Global-Local-Topology Particle Swarm Optimization for Global Optimization Problems

Table 4

Comparison of FGLT-PSO with PSO, LPSO, and QIPSO for the unimodal and multimodal functions using Wilcoxon’s rank sum test ( ).

FunctionWilcoxon’s rank sum testPSOLPSOQIPSO

value1.2118e − 0121.2118e − 0121.2118e − 012
-value111
-value −7.10402−7.10402−7.10402

value3.0199e − 0113.0199e − 0113.0199e − 011
-value111
-value −6.6456−6.6456−6.6456

value3.0199e − 0113.0199e − 0113.0199e − 011
-value111
-value−6.6456−6.6456−6.6456

value1.0576e − 0036.1210e − 0103.5923e − 005
-value111
-value−3.27475−6.18728−4.13225

value1.5581e − 0081.8731e − 0071.0095e − 008
-value111
-value−5.65504−5.21151−5.72912

value6.3474e − 0111.2724e − 0019.3829e − 010
-value101
-value−6.53532−1.52509−6.11957

value3.3371e − 001
-value000
-value0.966667

value
-value000
-value

value1.9097e − 0051.6703e − 0066.2470e − 010
-value−11−1
-value4.27519−4.78976.18407

1 (better)666
0 (same)232
−1 (worse)101