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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2015, Article ID 163845, 12 pages
Research Article

A Practical Infrastructure for Real-Time Simulation across Timing Domains

1School of Automation Science and Electrical Engineering, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191, China
2Beijing Institute of Nearspace Vehicle’s Systems Engineering, China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation, Beijing 100076, China

Received 6 June 2014; Revised 16 September 2014; Accepted 20 September 2014

Academic Editor: Minrui Fei

Copyright © 2015 Yao-fei Ma et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A real-time infrastructure, called MLRTI, is proposed in this paper to fulfill the requirement of real-time simulation in distributed environment. There are two novel contributions in this work. Firstly, a flexible timing mechanism is proposed to integrate external time source and local timer utility, enabling the distributed nodes to advance their timeline simultaneously at different speeds with high precision. A data transmission solution is also presented in which the reflective memory card (VMIC) is employed to provide fast data transmission with minimum delay. Secondly, a system partition schema is proposed in MLRTI to reduce the solution errors introduced by transforming a continuous system into distribution system, which is common in a class of control applications where the system is designed in centralized model but simulated in distributed environment for constrains on system structure or the need to balance computation load. Experiments are conducted and the results show this schema effectively reduces the possible errors by properly partitioning the system into parts that are suitable to be deployed in distributed environment.