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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 287607, 10 pages
Research Article

Differential Evolution with Population and Strategy Parameter Adaptation

School of Electronics Engineering, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 702 701, Republic of Korea

Received 24 November 2014; Accepted 26 February 2015

Academic Editor: Francesco Ubertini

Copyright © 2015 V. Gonuguntla et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Differential evolution (DE) is simple and effective in solving numerous real-world global optimization problems. However, its effectiveness critically depends on the appropriate setting of population size and strategy parameters. Therefore, to obtain optimal performance the time-consuming preliminary tuning of parameters is needed. Recently, different strategy parameter adaptation techniques, which can automatically update the parameters to appropriate values to suit the characteristics of optimization problems, have been proposed. However, most of the works do not control the adaptation of the population size. In addition, they try to adapt each strategy parameters individually but do not take into account the interaction between the parameters that are being adapted. In this paper, we introduce a DE algorithm where both strategy parameters are self-adapted taking into account the parameter dependencies by means of a multivariate probabilistic technique based on Gaussian Adaptation working on the parameter space. In addition, the proposed DE algorithm starts by sampling a huge number of sample solutions in the search space and in each generation a constant number of individuals from huge sample set are adaptively selected to form the population that evolves. The proposed algorithm is evaluated on 14 benchmark problems of CEC 2005 with different dimensionality.