Table 1: Overview of military big simulations.
(a) Simulation-related properties

CasesSimulation level The number of entities The number of simulation replications Model resolution Time advancing Simulation execution time

Joint forces experimentsMillionsSeveralHighReal-timeWeeks

Data farming projectsDozens~hundredsThousands~millionsLowFaster-than-real-timeHours

COA analysisThousandsHundreds~thousandsLow

Acquisition of new military system A few Tens of thousandsHighFaster-than-real-time or real-timeDays or weeks

SSN analysisTens of thousandsSeveralHighFaster-than-real-timeDays

Test and Evaluation of the THAAD systemA fewSeveralHighReal-timeMonths

Simulation level: C, campaign; M, mission; E, engagement; G, engineering.
(b) Data-related properties

CasesData contentsData generation periodData scale per experimentTypical analytical application

Joint forces experimentsSensor data, entity status (take Urban Resolve, e.g.)1 msTBEffectiveness of ISR sensor. Statistical result of mission execution

Data farming projectsDepend on specific problem and can involve all kinds of physical and behavioral data of simulated entities and battlefield events, such as damage and survival<1 msGB~TBCorrelation, trend, and outlier analysis related to command and control, peacekeeping operation, combat, and so forth

COA analysisCivil behavior, culture, weapon, terrain, killing, victims, and so forth<1 secGB~TBTask execution analysis, operational effectiveness analysis

Acquisition of new military systemCommunication, sensor, command and control, weapon, and so forthN/ATBIdentify the key performance parameter, system level trade-off analysis, and MOE about raid, protect, detect, reaction, tracking, engagement, and so forth

SSN analysisSensor data and special events such as launch, breakup, and in-orbit<1 secTBMOP of sensor device

Test and evaluation of the THAAD systemManeuver, sustainment, command and control, communication, radar track data, and so forthN/ATBMOE, MOP of defense system