Table 1: Comparative analysis made for iterations of generating GVF, NGVF, EDGVF, and EDNGVF force fields.

Image Method Iteration Time (s)

Image 1 GVF 1800 1.17
NGVF 400 0.53
EDGVF 100 0.12
EDNGVF 80 0.18

Image 2 GVF 800 0.48
NGVF 220 0.36
EDGVF 60 0.07
EDNGVF 50 0.11

Image 3 GVF 2000 6.96
NGVF 400 4.51
EDGVF 120 1.02
EDNGVF 100 1.24

Image 4 GVF 1400 1.15
NGVF 200 0.81
EDGVF 90 0.36
EDNGVF 80 0.44

Image 5 GVF 1200 0.67
NGVF 200 0.55
EDGVF 70 0.08
EDNGVF 50 0.11