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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2015, Article ID 364138, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/364138
Research Article

Fault Reconstruction Approach for Distributed Coordinated Spacecraft Attitude Control System

1Department of Control Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
2College of Engineering, Bohai University, Jinzhou 121000, China

Received 15 January 2015; Accepted 2 March 2015

Academic Editor: Kun Liu

Copyright © 2015 Mingyi Huo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This work presents a novel fault reconstruction approach for a large-scale system, that is, a distributed coordinated spacecraft attitude control system. The attitude of all the spacecrafts in this distributed system is controlled by using thrusters. All possible faults of thruster including thrust magnitude error and alignment error are investigated. As a stepping stone, the mathematical model of thruster is firstly established based on the thruster configuration. On the basis of this, a sliding mode observer is then proposed to reconstruct faults in each agent of the coordinated control system. A Lyapunov-based analysis shows that the observer asymptotically converges to the actual faults. The key feature of this fault reconstruction approach is that it can achieve a faster reconstruction of the fault in comparison with the conventional fault reconstruction schemes. It can globally reconstruct thruster faults with zero reconstruction error, and this is accomplished within finite time. The effectiveness of the proposed approach is analytically authenticated via simulation study.