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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 365280, 8 pages
Research Article

Thinning of Concentric Circular Antenna Arrays Using Improved Binary Invasive Weed Optimization Algorithm

Department of Electronic Engineering, Naval University of Engineering, Wuhan 430033, China

Received 23 May 2014; Accepted 6 November 2014

Academic Editor: Hsuan-Ling Kao

Copyright © 2015 Huaning Wu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This study presents a novel optimization algorithm based on invasive weed optimization (IWO) for reduction of the maximum side lobe level (SLL) with specific half power beam width (HPBW) of thinned large multiple concentric circular arrays of uniformly excited isotropic elements. IWO is a powerful optimization technique for many continuous problems. But, for discrete problems, it does not work well. In this paper, the authors propose an improved binary IWO (IBIWO) for pattern synthesis of thinned circular array. The thinning percentage of the array is kept equal to or more than 50% and the HPBW is attempted to be equal to or less than that of a fully populated, uniformly excited, and half wavelength spaced concentric circular array of the same number of elements and rings. Simulation results are compared with previous published results of DE, MPSO, and BBO to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method for concentric circular arrays.