Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 438063, 16 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/438063
Research Article

Effects Comparison of Different Resilience Enhancing Strategies for Municipal Water Distribution Network: A Multidimensional Approach

State Key Laboratory of Explosion & Impact and Disaster Prevention & Mitigation, PLA University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210007, China

Received 5 May 2015; Revised 7 July 2015; Accepted 9 July 2015

Academic Editor: Anna Vila

Copyright © 2015 Xudong Zhao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. Moteff, C. Copeland, and J. Fischer, “Critical infrastructures: what makes an infrastructure critical?” Congress Report, The Library of Congress, Washington, DC, USA, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  2. UNDP, “Scarcity: power, poverty and global water crisis,” Human Development Report, UNDP, New York, NY, USA, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  3. W. Liu, Y. G. Zhao, and J. Li, “Seismic functional reliability analysis of water distribution networks,” Structure and Infrastructure Engineering, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 363–375, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. Kobayashi, “Experience of infrastructure damage caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake and countermeasures against future disasters,” IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 23–29, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. S. Esposito, S. Giovinazzi, L. Elefante, and I. Iervolino, “Performance of the L'Aquila (central Italy) gas distribution network in the 2009 (Mw 6.3) earthquake,” Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 2447–2466, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. G&E, NIBS Earthquake Loss Estimation Methods, Technical Manual (Water Systems), Engineering Systems Inc, 1994.
  7. A. Yazdani, R. A. Otoo, and P. Jeffrey, “Resilience enhancing expansion strategies for water distribution systems: a network theory approach,” Environmental Modelling and Software, vol. 26, no. 12, pp. 1574–1582, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M. Ouyang, M.-H. Yu, X.-Z. Huang, and E.-J. Luan, “Emergency response to disaster-struck scale-free network with redundant systems,” Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, vol. 387, no. 18, pp. 4683–4691, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. Pahwa, A. Hodges, C. Scoglio, and S. Wood, “Topological analysis of the power grid and mitigation strategies against cascading failures,” in Proceedings of the 4th Annual IEEE International Systems Conference (SysCon '10), pp. 272–276, April 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. K. Pitilakis, M. Alexoudi, S. Argyroudis, O. Monge, and C. Martin, “Earthquake risk assessment of lifelines,” Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 365–390, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. T. Imai, S. Wada, and T. Koike, “Seismic risk assessment and mitigation for the existing lifeline,” Journal of Earthquake and Tsunami, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 31–45, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. K. Poljanšek, F. Bono, and E. Gutiérrez, “Seismic risk assessment of interdependent critical infrastructure systems: the case of European gas and electricity networks,” Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 61–79, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A. S. Selçuk and M. S. Yücemen, “Reliability of lifeline networks under seismic hazard,” Reliability Engineering and System Safety, vol. 65, no. 3, pp. 213–227, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. S. Selçuk and M. Semih Yücemen, “Reliability of lifeline networks with multiple sources under seismic hazard,” Natural Hazards, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 1–18, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. Song and S.-Y. Ok, “Multi-scale system reliability analysis of lifeline networks under earthquake hazards,” Earthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 259–279, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. E. Jenelius, T. Petersen, and L.-G. Mattsson, “Importance and exposure in road network vulnerability analysis,” Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, vol. 40, no. 7, pp. 537–560, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. Menoni, F. Pergalani, M. P. Boni, and V. Petrini, “Lifeline earthquake vulnerability assessment,” in Managing Critical Infrastructure Risks: Decision Tools and Application for Port Security, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security, pp. 111–132, Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. S. Menoni, F. Pergalani, M. P. Boni et al., “Lifelines earthquake vulnerability assessment: a systemic approach,” in Proceedings of the 2006 NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Management Tools for Port Security, Critical Infrastructure and Sustainability, pp. 111–132, 2006.
  19. M. Bruneau, S. E. Chang, R. T. Eguchi et al., “A framework to quantitatively assess and enhance the seismic resilience of communities,” Earthquake Spectra, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 733–752, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. G. P. Cimellaro, A. M. Reinhorn, and M. Bruneau, “Framework for analytical quantification of disaster resilience,” Engineering Structures, vol. 32, no. 11, pp. 3639–3649, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. Ouyang and L. Dueñas-Osorio, “Multi-dimensional hurricane resilience assessment of electric power systems,” Structural Safety, vol. 48, pp. 15–24, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. Ouyang, L. Dueñas-Osorio, and X. Min, “A three-stage resilience analysis framework for urban infrastructure systems,” Structural Safety, vol. 36-37, pp. 23–31, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. S. E. Chang and M. Shinozuka, “Measuring improvements in the disaster resilience of communities,” Earthquake Spectra, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 739–755, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. S. E. Chang, T. Mcdaniels, J. Fox, R. Dhariwal, and H. Longstaff, “Toward disaster-resilient cities: characterizing resilience of infrastructure systems with expert judgments,” Risk Analysis, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 416–434, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. G. P. Cimellaro, A. De Stefano, and O. Villa, “Serviceability of natural gas distribution networks after earthquakes,” Journal of Earthquake and Tsunami, vol. 7, no. 2, Article ID 1350005, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. L. Chen and E. M. Hooks, “Resilience: an indicator of recovery capability in intermodal freight transport,” Transportation Science, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 109–123, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. FEMA, Multi-Hazard Loss Estimation Methodology, Earthquake Model (HAZUS-MH MR4), Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), 2003.
  28. J. Buhl, J. Gautrais, N. Reeves et al., “Topological patterns in street networks of self-organized urban settlements,” European Physical Journal B, vol. 49, no. 4, pp. 513–522, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. V. Latora and M. Marchiori, “How the science of complex networks can help developing strategies against terrorism,” Chaos, Solitons & Fractals, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 69–75, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. A. Nagurney and Q. Qiang, “A network efficiency measure with application to critical infrastructure networks,” Journal of Global Optimization, vol. 40, no. 1–3, pp. 261–275, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet · View at Scopus
  31. J. G. Wardrop, “Some theoretical aspects of road traffic research,” in Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, Part II, pp. 352–362, 1952.
  32. M. O'Rourke and G. Ayala, “Pipeline damage due to wave propagation,” Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, vol. 119, no. 9, pp. 1490–1498, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. D. G. Honegger and R. T. Eguchi, “Determination of relative vulnerabilities to seismic damage for San Diego County Water Authority (SDCWA) Water Transmission Pipelines,” 1992.