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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2015, Article ID 483151, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/483151
Research Article

Location of Bioelectricity Plants in the Madrid Community Based on Triticale Crop: A Multicriteria Methodology

1Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros Industriales, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), 28040 Madrid, Spain
2Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), 28040 Madrid, Spain
3Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Telecomunicación, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM), 28040 Madrid, Spain
4Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros Agrónomos, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM), 28040 Madrid, Spain

Received 9 January 2015; Revised 26 February 2015; Accepted 5 March 2015

Academic Editor: Gongnan Xie

Copyright © 2015 L. Romero et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper presents a work whose objective is, first, to quantify the potential of the triticale biomass existing in each of the agricultural regions in the Madrid Community through a crop simulation model based on regression techniques and multiple correlation. Second, a methodology for defining which area has the best conditions for the installation of electricity plants from biomass has been described and applied. The study used a methodology based on compromise programming in a discrete multicriteria decision method (MDM) context. To make a ranking, the following criteria were taken into account: biomass potential, electric power infrastructure, road networks, protected spaces, and urban nuclei surfaces. The results indicate that, in the case of the Madrid Community, the Campiña region is the most suitable for setting up plants powered by biomass. A minimum of 17,339.9 tons of triticale will be needed to satisfy the requirements of a 2.2 MW power plant. The minimum range of action for obtaining the biomass necessary in Campiña region would be 6.6 km around the municipality of Algete, based on Geographic Information Systems. The total biomass which could be made available in considering this range in this region would be 18,430.68 t.