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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2015, Article ID 563547, 20 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/563547
Research Article

Radiation and MHD Boundary Layer Stagnation-Point of Nanofluid Flow towards a Stretching Sheet Embedded in a Porous Medium: Analysis of Suction/Injection and Heat Generation/Absorption with Effect of the Slip Model

1Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
2Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Education, Ain Shams University, Roxy, Cairo 11757, Egypt

Received 9 March 2015; Accepted 8 May 2015

Academic Editor: Gen Qi Xu

Copyright © 2015 Emad H. Aly. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In existence of the velocity slip model, suction/injection, and heat source/sink, the boundary layer flow near a stagnation-point over a heated stretching sheet in a porous medium saturated by a nanofluid, with effect of the thermal radiation and magnetic field, has been studied. The governing system of partial differential equations was transformed into a system of nonlinear ordinary equations using the appropriate similarity transforms. Then, the obtained system has been numerically solved by the Chebyshev pseudospectral differentiation matrix (ChPDM) approach. It was found that, at some special cases, the current results are in a very good agreement with those presented in the literature. In addition, the flow velocity, surface shear stress, temperature, and concentration are strongly influenced on applying the slip model, which is, therefore, extremely important to predict the flow characteristics accurately in the nanofluid mechanics. It was proved that this velocity slip condition is mandatory and should be taken into account in nanoscale research; otherwise, false results and a spurious physical sight are to be gained. Further, it was deduced that the influence of the stream velocity and shear stress reaches very rapidly the stable manner for both cases of the velocity ratio. However, when this ratio is equal to one, the skin friction coefficient, reduced Nusselt number, and reduced Sherwood number are constant and equal to zero, 0.721082, and 3.06155, respectively. Furthermore, it was proved that the reduced Nusselt number decreases with increase of Brownian motion and thermophoresis; has a very weak effect on increasing Lewis number; increases with increase of Prandtl number; and is higher in the cases of suction, velocity ratio > 1 and heat source in comparison with injection, velocity ratio < 1, and heat sink, respectively. Moreover, the reduced Sherwood number increases with increase of Brownian motion, thermophoresis, and Lewis number; decreases with increase of Prandtl number; is higher in the cases of suction and velocity ratio > 1 in comparison with injection and velocity ratio < 1, respectively; and is approximately the same in the heat source and heat sink cases. Finally, it was shown that the most effective region for radiation effect is .