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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2015, Article ID 613853, 13 pages
Research Article

A Well-Balanced and Fully Coupled Noncapacity Model for Dam-Break Flooding

1Changjiang Waterway Planning Design and Research Institute, Wuhan 430011, China
2Ocean College, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
3State Key Laboratory of Satellite Ocean Environment Dynamics, The Second Institute of Oceanography, Hangzhou 310012, China
4Changjiang River Administration of Navigational Affairs, Wuhan 430011, China

Received 16 October 2014; Accepted 6 March 2015

Academic Editor: Jian Guo Zhou

Copyright © 2015 Zhiyuan Yue et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The last two decades have seen great progress in mathematical modeling of fluvial processes and flooding in terms of either approximation of the physical processes or dealing with the numerical difficulties. Yet attention to simultaneously taking advancements of both aspects is rarely paid. Here a well-balanced and fully coupled noncapacity model is presented of dam-break flooding over erodible beds. The governing equations are based on the complete mass and momentum conservation laws, implying fully coupled interactions between the dam-break flow and sediment transport. A well-balanced Godunov-type finite volume method is used to solve the governing equations, facilitating satisfactory representation of the complex flow phenomena. The well-balanced property is attained by using the divergence form of matrix related to the static force for the bottom slope source term. Existing classical tests, including idealized dam-break flooding over irregular topography and experimental dam-break flooding with/without sediment transport, are numerically simulated, showing a satisfactory quantitative performance of this model.