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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 615439, 18 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/615439
Research Article

Compressed Sensing MRI Reconstruction from Highly Undersampled -Space Data Using Nonsubsampled Shearlet Transform Sparsity Prior

1School of Information Science & Engineering, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China
2Department of Radiology, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200092, China

Received 25 September 2014; Revised 12 February 2015; Accepted 20 February 2015

Academic Editor: Alessandro Gasparetto

Copyright © 2015 Min Yuan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Compressed sensing has shown great potential in speeding up MR imaging by undersampling -space data. Generally sparsity is used as a priori knowledge to improve the quality of reconstructed image. Compressed sensing MR image (CS-MRI) reconstruction methods have employed widely used sparsifying transforms such as wavelet or total variation, which are not preeminent in dealing with MR images containing distributed discontinuities and cannot provide a sufficient sparse representation and the decomposition at any direction. In this paper, we propose a novel CS-MRI reconstruction method from highly undersampled -space data using nonsubsampled shearlet transform (NSST) sparsity prior. In particular, we have implemented a flexible decomposition with an arbitrary even number of directional subbands at each level using NSST for MR images. The highly directional sensitivity of NSST and its optimal approximation properties lead to improvement in CS-MRI reconstruction applications. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method results in the high quality reconstruction, which is highly effective at preserving the intrinsic anisotropic features of MRI meanwhile suppressing the artifacts and added noise. The objective evaluation indices outperform all compared CS-MRI methods. In summary, NSST with even number directional decomposition is very competitive in CS-MRI applications as sparsity prior in terms of performance and computational efficiency.