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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 642021, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/642021
Research Article

The Research of Car-Following Model Based on Real-Time Maximum Deceleration

School of Transportation Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China

Received 3 April 2015; Accepted 18 June 2015

Academic Editor: Yuanchang Xie

Copyright © 2015 Longhai Yang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper is concerned with the effect of real-time maximum deceleration in car-following. The real-time maximum acceleration is estimated with vehicle dynamics. It is known that an intelligent driver model (IDM) can control adaptive cruise control (ACC) well. The disadvantages of IDM at high and constant speed are analyzed. A new car-following model which is applied to ACC is established accordingly to modify the desired minimum gap and structure of the IDM. We simulated the new car-following model and IDM under two different kinds of road conditions. In the first, the vehicles drive on a single road, taking dry asphalt road as the example in this paper. In the second, vehicles drive onto a different road, and this paper analyzed the situation in which vehicles drive from a dry asphalt road onto an icy road. From the simulation, we found that the new car-following model can not only ensure driving security and comfort but also control the steady driving of the vehicle with a smaller time headway than IDM.