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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2015, Article ID 820306, 10 pages
Research Article

Floor Field Model Based on Cellular Automata for Simulating Indoor Pedestrian Evacuation

School of Software, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China

Received 6 April 2015; Accepted 15 July 2015

Academic Editor: Xiaoyu Song

Copyright © 2015 Xiao Yang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A new static floor field method for simulations of evacuation processes based on cellular automaton was presented in this paper. This model applies an inertia static floor field approach to describe the interaction between the pedestrians and the cell. Here we study a rather simple situation and a complex scenario. We simulate and reproduce Seyfried’s field experiments at the Research Centre Jülich and use its empirical data to validate our model. The concept of scenario-familiarity of the crowd has been proposed to explain the model. It is shown that the variation of the model parameters deeply impacts the evacuation efficiency. The relation between minimal evacuation times and the knowledge of the exit that the pedestrian acknowledges is discussed.