Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2015, Article ID 820306, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/820306
Research Article

Floor Field Model Based on Cellular Automata for Simulating Indoor Pedestrian Evacuation

School of Software, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China

Received 6 April 2015; Accepted 15 July 2015

Academic Editor: Xiaoyu Song

Copyright © 2015 Xiao Yang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. C. Burstedde, K. Klauck, A. Schadschneider, and J. Zittartz, “Simulation of pedestrian dynamics using a two-dimensional cellular automaton,” Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, vol. 295, no. 3-4, pp. 507–525, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Zentralblatt MATH · View at Scopus
  2. S. Wolfram, “Statistical mechanics of cellular automata,” Reviews of Modern Physics, vol. 55, no. 3, pp. 601–644, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet · View at Scopus
  3. A. Kirchner, H. Klupfel, and K. Nishinari, “Discretization effects and the influence of walking speed in cellular automata models for pedestrian 25 dynamics,” Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment, vol. 10, p. 10011, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  4. J. Ma, W.-G. Song, and G.-X. Liao, “Multi-grid simulation of pedestrian counter flow with topological interaction,” Chinese Physics B, vol. 19, no. 12, Article ID 128901, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. R.-Y. Guo and H.-J. Huang, “A modified floor field cellular automata model for pedestrian evacuation simulation,” Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical, vol. 41, no. 38, Article ID 385104, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet · View at Scopus
  6. D. Yanagisawa, A. Kimura, A. Tomoeda et al., “Introduction of frictional and turning function for pedestrian outflow with an obstacle,” Physical Review E, vol. 80, no. 3, Article ID 036110, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. Chraibi, U. Kemloh, A. Schadschneider, and A. Seyfried, “Force-based models of pedestrian dynamics,” Networks and Heterogeneous Media, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 425–442, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet · View at Scopus
  8. J.-B. Zeng, B. Leng, Z. Xiong, and Z. Qin, “Pedestrian dynamics in a two-dimensional complex scenario using a local view floor field model,” International Journal of Modern Physics C, vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 775–803, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. Kirchner and A. Schadschneider, “Simulation of evacuation processes using a bionics-inspired cellular automaton model for pedestrian dynamics,” Physica A, vol. 312, no. 1-2, pp. 260–276, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. Seyfried, M. Boltes, J. Kähler, W. Klingsch, and A. Portz, “Enhanced empirical data for the fundamental diagram and the flow through bottlenecks,” in Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008, pp. 145–156, Springer, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. Y. Jiang, H. Zhang, Z. Li et al., “Design and optimization of multiclocked embedded systems using formal techniques,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 62, no. 2, pp. 1270–1278, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. C. Saloma, G. J. Perez, G. Tapang, M. Lim, and C. Palmes-Saloma, “Self-organized queuing and scale-free behavior in real escape panic,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 100, no. 21, pp. 11947–11952, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. Y. Hao, Study on the Simulation Model of Pedestrian Flow Based on Cellular Automata, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing, China.
  14. J. Yang, Z. Hou, and M. Zhan, “Simulation of pedestrian dynamic using a vector floor field model,” International Journal of Modern Physics C, vol. 24, no. 4, Article ID 1350023, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. D. Helbing and P. Molnár, “Social force model for pedestrian dynamics,” Physical Review E, vol. 51, no. 5, pp. 4282–4286, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus