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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 847324, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/847324
Research Article

Heterogeneous Parking Market Subject to Parking Rationing

1Institute of Transport Studies, Department of Civil Engineering, Monash University, Room 126, Building 69, Wellington Road, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia
2Civil Engineering Department, Kharazmi University, Tehran 15719-14911, Iran

Received 3 September 2015; Revised 10 November 2015; Accepted 12 November 2015

Academic Editor: Evangelos J. Sapountzakis

Copyright © 2015 Saeed Asadi Bagloee and Mohsen Asadi. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Different types of drivers and parking spaces delineate a heterogeneous parking market for which the literature has yet to provide a model applicable to the real world. The main obstacle is computational complexities of considering various parking restrictions along with traffic congestion on the road network. In this study, the heterogeneity aspects are considered within a Logit parking choice model. A mathematical programming problem was introduced to explicitly consider parking capacities and parking rationing constraints. The parking rationing is defined as any arrangement to reserve parking space for some specific demand such as parking permit, private parking, VIP parking, and different parking durations. Introduction of parking rationing in the presence of other constraints is a unique factor in this study which makes the model more realistic. The algorithm was tested on a central business district case study. The results prove that the algorithm is able to converge rapidly. Among the algorithm’s output are shadow prices of the parking capacity and parking rationing constraints. The shadow prices contain important information which is key to addressing a variety of parking issues, such as the location of parking shortages, identification of fair parking charges, viability of parking permits, and the size of reserved parking.