Mathematical Problems in Engineering / 2015 / Article / Tab 2

Review Article

A Comprehensive Survey on Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm and Its Applications

Table 2

Five basic principles of SI.

PrincipleDefinition

Proximity principleThe swarm should be able to do simple space and time computations
Quality principleThe swarm should be able to respond to quality factors in the environment
Diverse response principleThe swarm should not commit its activities along excessively narrow channels
Stability principleThe swarm should not change its mode of behavior every time the environment changes
Adaptability principleThe swarm should be able to change its behavior mode when it is worth the computational price

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.