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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2015, Article ID 978040, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/978040
Research Article

A Straight-Line Method for Analyzing Residual Drawdowns at an Observation Well

Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Süleyman Demirel University, 32260 Isparta, Turkey

Received 20 March 2015; Revised 21 May 2015; Accepted 25 May 2015

Academic Editor: Zdeněk Kala

Copyright © 2015 Mesut Çimen. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Determination of the hydraulic parameters (transmissivity and storage coefficients) of a confined aquifer is important for effective groundwater resources. For this purpose, the residual drawdowns have been in use to estimate the aquifer parameters by the classical Theis recovery method. The proposed method of this paper depends on a straight-line through the field data and it helps to calculate the parameters quickly without any need for long-term pumping data. It is based on the expansion series of the Theis well function by consideration of three terms, and this approach is valid for the dimensionless time factor . The method can be applied reliably to extensive and homogeneous confined aquifers resulting in different storage coefficients during the pumping and recovery periods . It presents a strength methodology for the parameters decision making from the residual data in the groundwater field of civil engineering.