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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2016, Article ID 2679516, 9 pages
Research Article

Analysis of the Driver’s Behavior Characteristics in Low Volume Freeway Interchange

1College of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Beijing Key Laboratory of Traffic Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China
2College of Metropolitan Transportation, Beijing Key Laboratory of Traffic Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China

Received 28 October 2015; Accepted 24 March 2016

Academic Editor: Yongjun Shen

Copyright © 2016 Ronghua Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Drivers’ behavior characteristics cannot be ignored in designing freeway interchange facilities in order to improve traffic safety. This paper conducted a field experiment in Qingyin expressway. Four freeway interchanges from K571+538 to K614+932 with relatively low volume were selected, and 12 qualified drivers, 6 car test drivers and 6 truck test drivers, were driving vehicles according to the driving program. GPS and eye-tracking instrument were employed to record running speed, real-time, running track, fixation point, and so forth. Box-plot graphs and Student’s -test were used to analyze the 12 data sets of driver’s fixation on exit guide signs. Speed-distance curves of effective 11 data sets were plotted to examine the test drivers’ behavior in diverging area and merging area. The results indicated that (1) drivers recognize the exit direction signs in 170 m–180 m advanced distance; (2) the diverging influence area is 1000 m upstream of the diverge point, and the merging influence area is 350 m downstream of the merge point; (3) NO OVERTAKING sign is recommended to be placed at 350 m upstream of the diverge point. The results can provide guidance for the design of freeway interchange facilities and management in order to improve traffic safety.