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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 2863295, 7 pages
Research Article

A Four-Stage Fifth-Order Trigonometrically Fitted Semi-Implicit Hybrid Method for Solving Second-Order Delay Differential Equations

1Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
2Institute for Mathematical Research, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Received 23 February 2016; Accepted 26 April 2016

Academic Editor: Fazal M. Mahomed

Copyright © 2016 Sufia Zulfa Ahmad et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


We derived a two-step, four-stage, and fifth-order semi-implicit hybrid method which can be used for solving special second-order ordinary differential equations. The method is then trigonometrically fitted so that it is suitable for solving problems which are oscillatory in nature. The methods are then used for solving oscillatory delay differential equations. Numerical results clearly show the efficiency of the new method when compared to the existing explicit and implicit methods in the scientific literature.