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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 5395894, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5395894
Research Article

A Clustering Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

Aeronautics and Astronautics Engineering College, Air Force Engineering University, Xi’an 710038, China

Received 13 January 2016; Revised 9 April 2016; Accepted 19 April 2016

Academic Editor: Luis J. Yebra

Copyright © 2016 Jinke Huang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The dynamic topology of a mobile ad hoc network poses a real challenge in the design of hierarchical routing protocol, which combines proactive with reactive routing protocols and takes advantages of both. And as an essential technique of hierarchical routing protocol, clustering of nodes provides an efficient method of establishing a hierarchical structure in mobile ad hoc networks. In this paper, we designed a novel clustering algorithm and a corresponding hierarchical routing protocol for large-scale mobile ad hoc networks. Each cluster is composed of a cluster head, several cluster gateway nodes, several cluster guest nodes, and other cluster members. The proposed routing protocol uses proactive protocol between nodes within individual clusters and reactive protocol between clusters. Simulation results show that the proposed clustering algorithm and hierarchical routing protocol provide superior performance with several advantages over existing clustering algorithm and routing protocol, respectively.