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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 5813490, 13 pages
Research Article

An Effective Strategy to Build Up a Balanced Test Suite for Spectrum-Based Fault Localization

1School of Computer Science and Technology, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, China
2Beijing Institute of Information and Control, Beijing 100048, China
3School of Software and Microelectronics, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, China

Received 25 December 2015; Revised 7 March 2016; Accepted 23 March 2016

Academic Editor: Wen Chen

Copyright © 2016 Ning Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


During past decades, many automated software faults diagnosis techniques including Spectrum-Based Fault Localization (SBFL) have been proposed to improve the efficiency of software debugging activity. In the field of SBFL, suspiciousness calculation is closely related to the number of failed and passed test cases. Studies have shown that the ratio of the number of failed and passed test case has more significant impact on the accuracy of SBFL than the total number of test cases, and a balanced test suite is more beneficial to improving the accuracy of SBFL. Based on theoretical analysis, we proposed an PNF (Passed test cases, Not execute Faulty statement) strategy to reduce test suite and build up a more balanced one for SBFL, which can be used in regression testing. We evaluated the strategy making experiments using the Siemens program and Space program. Experiments indicated that our PNF strategy can be used to construct a new test suite effectively. Compared with the original test suite, the new one has smaller size (average 90% test case was reduced in experiments) and more balanced ratio of failed test cases to passed test cases, while it has the same statement coverage and fault localization accuracy.