Mathematical Problems in Engineering

Mathematical Problems in Engineering / 2016 / Article
Special Issue

Theory and Applications of Fractional Order Systems 2016

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Editorial | Open Access

Volume 2016 |Article ID 7903424 |

Riccardo Caponetto, Juan J. Trujillo, José A. Tenreiro Machado, "Theory and Applications of Fractional Order Systems 2016", Mathematical Problems in Engineering, vol. 2016, Article ID 7903424, 2 pages, 2016.

Theory and Applications of Fractional Order Systems 2016

Received04 Sep 2016
Accepted05 Sep 2016
Published29 Sep 2016

In the last decades noninteger differentiation became a popular tool for modeling the complex behaviours of physical systems from diverse domains such as mechanics, electricity, chemistry, biology, and economics. Numerous studies have validated the novel perspective demonstrating fractional order models that better characterize many real-world physical systems by means of differential operators of noninteger order. The long-range temporal or spatial dependence phenomena inherent to the fractional order systems (FOS) present unique and intriguing peculiarities, not supported by their integer order counterpart, which raise exciting challenges and opportunities related to the development of modelling, control, and estimation methodologies involving fractional order dynamics.

The purpose of this special issue, following the 2014 one, is to continue drawing attention of the scientific community to some recent advances and possible applications of fractional order systems and to ensure the corresponding dissemination. The issue includes a collection of papers in the area of FOS and some leading and emerging specialists in the area present their latest results.

In the 2014 issue, 13 papers of 24 submitted have been accepted; in this issue 14 of 42 have been published, outlining, therefore, the increasing interest at the topic.

A short description of the addressed topics is as follows.

In “Convergence of Laguerre Impulse Response Approximation for Noninteger Order Systems” new results on the Laguerre Impulse Response Approximation method of noninteger order systems are presented. Among others, a new proof of convergence of approximation is given, allowing less strict assumptions. Additionally more general results are given including one regarding functions that are in the joint part of and spaces.

In “Disturbance Rejection for Fractional-Order Time-Delay Systems” an equivalent-input-disturbance- (EID-) based disturbance rejection method for fractional-order time-delay systems is presented. First, a modified state observer is applied to reconstruct the state of the fractional-order time-delay plant. Then, a disturbance estimator is designed to actively compensate for the disturbances. By constructing a novel monochromatic Lyapunov function and using direct Lyapunov approach, the stability analysis and controller design algorithm are derived in terms of LMI technique.

In “Dynamic Hedging Based on Fractional Order Stochastic Model with Memory Effect” the authors construct the minimum variance model for the estimation of the optimal hedge ratio based on the stochastic differential equation. At the same time, also by considering memory effects, the continuous-time hedge model with memory based on the fractional order stochastic differential equation driven by a fractional Brownian motion to estimate the optimal dynamic hedge ratio was established.

In “An Operational Matrix of Fractional Differentiation of the Second Kind of Chebyshev Polynomials for Solving Multiterm Variable Order Fractional Differential Equation” a method to solve multiterm variable order fractional differential equation based on the second kind of Chebyshev polynomials has been proposed. The main idea of this method is to derive a kind of operational matrices of variable order fractional derivative for the second kind of Chebyshev polynomials.

In “Fractional-Order Two-Port Networks” the concept of fractional-order two-port networks with particular focus on impedance and admittance parameters, showing how to transform a impedance matrix with fractional-order impedance elements into an equivalent matrix with all elements represented by integer order impedances, has been introduced.

“Synchronization for a Class of Uncertain Fractional Order Chaotic Systems with Unknown Parameters Using a Robust Adaptive Sliding Mode Controller” deals with the synchronization of a class of fractional order chaotic system with unknown parameters and external disturbance. Based on the Lyapunov stability theory, a fractional order sliding mode is constructed and a controller is proposed to realize chaos synchronization.

In “Nonlocal Transport Processes and the Fractional Cattaneo-Vernotte Equation” an alternative representation of the Cattaneo-Vernotte equation using the fractional calculus approach, where the spatial-time derivatives of fractional order are approximated using the Caputo 1 type derivative in the range (0, 2], is presented.

“Investigation Progresses and Applications of Fractional Derivative Model in Geotechnical Engineering” is an overview aimed first at model structure and parameter determination in combination with application cases based on fractional calculus was provided. Furthermore, the review paper shed light on the practical application aspects of deformation analysis of circular tunnel, rheological settlement of subgrade, and relevant loess researches subjected to the achievements acquired in geotechnical engineering.

“On the General Solution of Impulsive Systems with Hadamard Fractional Derivatives” is concerned with the solution for impulsive differential equations with Hadamard fractional derivatives. The general solution of this impulsive fractional system is found by considering the limit case in which impulses approach zero.

In “Construction of Fractional Power Series Solutions to Fractional Boussinesq Equations Using Residual Power Series Method” the authors generalize the idea of RPSM to solve any-order time-space fractional differential equations in high dimensional space with initial value problems in . Successively by using RPSM, they obtain FPS solutions of fourth-, sixth-, and 2th-order time-space fractional Boussinesq equations in and fourth-order time-space fractional Boussinesq equations in and .

In “Composition Formulas of Bessel-Struve Kernel Function” the objective is to study and develop the generalized fractional calculus operators involving Appell’s function due to Marichev-Saigo-Maeda.

In “The General Solution of Impulsive Systems with Caputo-Hadamard Fractional Derivative of Order ” motivated by some preliminary works about general solution of impulsive system with fractional derivative, the generalized impulsive differential equations with Caputo-Hadamard fractional derivative of are further studied by analyzing the limit case (as impulses approach zero).

In “Compact Wide Frequency Range Fractional-Order Models of Human Body Impedance against Contact Currents” three circuit models using constant phase elements are investigated to represent the human body impedance against contact currents from 40 Hz to 110 MHz. The parameters required to represent the impedance are determined using nonlinear least squares fitting (NLSF) applied to the averaged human body impedance datasets.

In “Study on Time-Dependent Behavior of Granite and the Creep Model Based on Fractional Derivative Approach Considering Temperature” considering the damage evolution process, a new creep constitutive model is proposed to describe the creep property of granite at different temperatures based on fractional derivative. The parameters of the new creep model are determined on the basis of the experimental results of the two granites.

Riccardo Caponetto
Juan J. Trujillo
José A. Tenreiro Machado

Copyright © 2016 Riccardo Caponetto et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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