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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 1090457, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1090457
Research Article

Route Design Model of Feeder Bus Service for Urban Rail Transit Stations

1School of Transportation, Southeast University, Si Pai Lou No. 2, Nanjing 210096, China
2School of Highway, Chang’an University, South Second Ring Road, Xi’an 710064, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Xiucheng Guo; moc.361@ougues

Received 27 May 2016; Revised 2 December 2016; Accepted 6 December 2016; Published 16 January 2017

Academic Editor: Jesus M. Fernandez Oro

Copyright © 2017 Zhenjun Zhu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

As an important part of urban public transportation systems, the feeder bus fills a service gap left by rail transit, effectively extending the range of rail transit’s service and solving the problem of short-distance travel and interchanges. By defining the potential demand of feeder bus services and considering its relationship with the traffic demands of corresponding staging areas, the distance between road and rail transit, and the repetition factor of road bus lines, this paper established a potential demand model of roads by opening feeder bus services and applying a logit model for passenger flow distribution. Based on a circular route model, a route starting and ending at urban rail transit stations was generated, and a genetic algorithm was then applied to solve it. The Wei-Fang community of Shanghai was selected as the test area. Per the model and algorithm, the feeder route length was conformed to a functional orientation of short-distance travel and the feeder service of a feeder bus; the route mostly covered where conventional bus lines were fewer, which is a finding that is in agreement with the actual situation; the feasibility of the model and algorithm was verified.