Table 4: The areal coverage and proportion of the 17 LULC secondary classes of years 2000, 2009, and 2015 in the study area.

LULC typesArea (square kilometers)Proportion (%)
200020092015200020092015

Bare370.32691.94398.993.125.823.36
Dry land1123.821241.671310.589.4610.4511.03
Dense grass390.56321.36526.043.292.704.43
Forest650.07277.11654.825.472.335.51
Irrigation land430.31674.35693.333.625.675.83
Moderate grass1537.221520.581169.5112.9312.799.84
Other forest1370.811407.63989.3411.5311.848.32
Paddy313.58138.46341.182.641.162.87
Rural settlement421.63477.35548.193.554.024.61
Salina175.09419.4685.021.473.530.72
Sandy land1684.271245.831051.0914.1710.488.84
Shrub728.481078.00790.456.139.076.65
Sparse grass2135.632001.152971.3817.9716.8425.00
Tidal124.93108.95162.291.050.921.37
Urban built-up area60.2267.6374.360.510.570.63
Water250.6076.8467.472.110.650.57
Swampland118.35137.5651.871.001.160.44

Total118821188211882100100100