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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 2314927, 23 pages
Research Article

Enhancing the Performance of Biogeography-Based Optimization Using Multitopology and Quantitative Orthogonal Learning

State Key Laboratory of Advanced Electromagnetic Engineering and Technology, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Jinfu Chen

Received 18 April 2017; Revised 16 July 2017; Accepted 7 August 2017; Published 13 September 2017

Academic Editor: Thomas Hanne

Copyright © 2017 Siao Wen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Two defects of biogeography-based optimization (BBO) are found out by analyzing the characteristics of its dominant migration operator. One is that, due to global topology and direct-copying migration strategy, information in several good-quality habitats tends to be copied to the whole habitats rapidly, which would lead to premature convergence. The other is that the generated solutions by migration process are distributed only in some specific regions so that many other areas where competitive solutions may exist cannot be investigated. To remedy the former, a new migration operator precisely developed by modifying topology and copy mode is introduced to BBO. Additionally, diversity mechanism is proposed. To remedy the latter defect, quantitative orthogonal learning process accomplished based on space quantizing and orthogonal design is proposed. It aims to investigate the feasible region thoroughly so that more competitive solutions can be obtained. The effectiveness of the proposed approaches is verified on a set of benchmark functions with diverse characteristics. The experimental results reveal that the proposed method has merits regarding solution quality, convergence performance, and so on, compared with basic BBO, five BBO variant algorithms, seven orthogonal learning-based algorithms, and other non-OL-based evolutionary algorithms. The effects of each improved component are also analyzed.