Table 1: Benchmark functions.

FunctionEquationRangeOptimumProperty

Sphere0Unimodal
Quartic0Unimodal
Duadric0Unimodal
Rosenbrock0Unimodal
SchwefelMultimodal
Rastrigin0Multimodal
Griewank0Multimodal
Ackley0Multimodal