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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2017, Article ID 8098029, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/8098029
Research Article

Feasibility of Oil Slick Detection Using BeiDou-R Coastal Simulation

College of Information Technology, Shanghai Ocean University, 999 Hu-Chenghuan Road, Shanghai 201306, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Zhonghua Hong; nc.ude.uohs@gnohhz

Received 28 October 2016; Accepted 5 January 2017; Published 1 February 2017

Academic Editor: Hajime Seya

Copyright © 2017 Yun Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Oil spills, which can cause severe immediate and long-term harm to marine ecological environments for decades after the initial accident, require rapid and accurate monitoring. Currently, optical and radar satellite images are used to monitor oil spills; however, remote sensing generally needs a long revisit period. Global Navigation Satellite System reflected signals (GNSS-R) can provide all-weather and all-day ocean monitoring and is therefore more suitable for oil spill monitoring. To assess the feasibility of the BeiDou Navigation Satellite System reflected signals (BeiDou-R) in detecting oil slicks, a BeiDou-R coastal simulated experiment is performed in this study on the oil slick distribution of an oil pipeline explosion accident. We set up an observation point and selected observation satellites, and a delay-Doppler map (DDM) of an oil-slicked sea surface under coastal scenarios was created by combining the mean-square slope (MSS) model for oil-slicked/clean surfaces and the Zavorotny–Voronovich (Z–V) scattering model. DDM simulation of the coastal scenarios effectively represents the scattering coefficient distribution of the presence of an oil slick. Theoretical analysis revealed that oil slicks can be detected within a radius of less than 5 km around the specular reflection point (SP) for BeiDou-R coastal simulation.