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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2017, Article ID 8419257, 11 pages
Research Article

A Novel Protection Scheme against Fault Resistance for AC Microgrid

School of Information Science and Engineering, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Xinrui Liu; nc.ude.uen.esi@iurnixuil

Received 18 August 2016; Revised 2 December 2016; Accepted 12 December 2016; Published 2 February 2017

Academic Editor: Aime’ Lay-Ekuakille

Copyright © 2017 Xinrui Liu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The faults characteristics of the lines in AC microgrid are weakened due to the fault resistance, which may refuse protection action. To solve the problems caused by different types of the faults through fault resistance (FTFR, the faults where the fault point resistance is greater than zero) in AC microgrid, a novel FTFR protection scheme based on the active power of 0-frame component or -frame component consumed by fault resistance is proposed in this paper as the backup protection of FTFR. This proposed protection scheme utilizes the active power of 0-frame component or -frame component consumed by fault resistance to identify internal FTFR and external faults. It performs well in grid-connected mode and islanded mode by adopting self-adaptive threshold and is not affected by the factors such as the fault position and the fault resistance value. The theoretical analysis and various simulations show that this protection scheme can identify and isolate different types of internal FTFR in AC microgrid with high reliability and high sensitivity.