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Mathematical Problems in Engineering
Volume 2018 (2018), Article ID 2035381, 8 pages
Research Article

Reliable Approach for EM Scattering Calculation from Sea Surface Covered with Foams Based on MFBM and VRT Theory

Air Force Engineering University, Xi’an 710051, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Tao Song; moc.361@0991ougoatanihc

Received 4 December 2017; Accepted 24 January 2018; Published 19 February 2018

Academic Editor: Milica Rančić

Copyright © 2018 Tao Song et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A reliable approach based on modified facet-based model and Vector Radiative Transfer theory is presented to calculate electromagnetic scattering from a particular electrically large sea surface superimposed with foams, which can handily give both monostatic and bistatic scattering results and could be applied to synthetic aperture radar imagery simulation. The facet model is derived from Fuks’ first-order small perturbation method function, and then the Kirchhoff model is introduced to revise the results in view of the dependency on cut-off wave number at near vertical incidence angles. Additionally, the contributions of foams are taken into consideration on the basis of Vector Radiative Transfer theory. The accuracy and superiority of this proposed approach are demonstrated in comparison with traditional facet model, which illustrates that the results of this approach agree better with experimental results. Moreover, several examples are given to verify that the proposed approach is of more significance at large incidence angles and high wind speed.