Table 2: Indicators used in the present study.

DimensionIndicatorUnitEquationVariable descriptionIndicator source

AvailabilityReserve and production ratio ()%: reserve and production ratio of energy i
: proportion of energy i produced in energy source production
[8, 16, 18, 30, 50]
Production diversity index ()HHI: proportion of energy i produced in energy source production[11, 13, 17, 29, 30, 50, 51]
Energy self-sufficiency ()%: total energy production
: total energy consumption
[8, 25, 30, 31, 50]
AffordabilityEnergy price index ()--[11, 12, 25, 30, 32, 50]
AcceptabilityConsumption diversity index ()SWI: consumption of energy i in total energy source consumption[7, 13, 18, 29, 50, 51]
GDP energy intensity ()tce/104 CNY: total energy consumption
gdp: gross domestic product
[8, 11, 13, 17, 18, 3032]
GDP sulfur dioxide emissions, ()Tons/104 CNY: total sulfur dioxide emissions[8, 1113, 17, 2932, 51]
GDP waste water emissions ()Tons/104 CNY: total waste water emissions[8, 11, 25, 29, 30, 51]
Forest coverage ()%[8, 11, 25, 29, 30, 51]
Energy technology and efficiencyUtilization time of power generation equipment (): power generation equipment utilization time each year,
: total hours in the year
[8, 11, 12, 18, 25, 31]
Distribution loss ()[8, 11, 12, 18, 31]