Mathematical Problems in Engineering

Volume 2018 (2018), Article ID 5149518, 10 pages

https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/5149518

## Tracking Control of Fuzzy Dynamic Output for Nonlinear Networked System with Packet Dropouts

^{1}Department of Mathematics and Physics, Shenyang University of Chemical Technology, Shenyang, Liaoning 110142, China^{2}College of Information Engineering, Shenyang University of Chemical Technology, Shenyang, Liaoning 110142, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Jinna Li

Received 21 May 2017; Accepted 13 December 2017; Published 10 January 2018

Academic Editor: Wanquan Liu

Copyright © 2018 Yang Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

#### Abstract

The tracking control of dynamic output feedback is proposed for the fuzzy networked systems of the same category, in which each system is discrete-time nonlinear and is missing measurable data. In other words, the loss of data packet occurs randomly in both the uplink and the downlink. The independent variables that are called the Bernoulli random variables are considered to design the loss of data packets. The method of parallel distributed compensation (PDC) in terms of the T-S fuzzy model is applied to investigate the dynamic controller of tracking control on the systems. Then, it is presented that the analytical performance of the output error between the reference model and the fuzzy model for the closed-loop system containing dynamic output feedback controller is proven. Furthermore, the achieved sufficient conditions in terms of LMIs ensure that the closed-loop system is stochastically stable in the sense. Finally, a numerical system is offered to show the effectiveness of the established technique.

#### 1. Introduction

The fundamental problem of control application and its theory is the problem of control tracking [1, 2]. With the development of modern science and technology, the tracking control of network control systems (NCSs) has witnessed significant achievements in the past twenty years [3–6]. The problems of synthesis, analysis, and modeling of NCSs become more and more difficult with the introduction of communication networks. To tackle these challenges, for the singular systems of the same category in which the input and state were quantitated, the plan of an event-based control was supposed in [7].

The tracking control of output, playing an important role in the industrial, economic, and biological control processes, which is known as the control of reference model, can approximate the reference output of a given model. In some fields, the tracking control of output is employed far and wide, such as motors [8, 9], robots [10], and flights [11]. Based on the tracking control of output, many preliminary studies have been produced [12–15]. Papers [6, 16–18] proposed some questions about stability, and some scholars proposed some thinking about control [19] as well as the problem of designing about the filter in the literature [20]. As a result of the increased complicacies of the systems, nonlinear characteristics occur randomly in reality. Furthermore, the aforementioned methods for linear networked control systems cannot be used more directly. In the light of nonlinear characteristics, a few classes of advanced techniques containing sliding mode control [21], adaptive control [22, 23], and fuzzy control [24, 25] were applied. The tracking control of network control system involves some nonlinear factors, such as bandwidth constraints, packet dropouts, and network delays. Then, the designing and analysis of the system become more difficult and complex. In general, T-S [26] fuzzy model can approximate to the smooth nonlinear system as much as possible and in fuzzy system theories we can use the developed technology to research nonlinear systems. It can be seen that the T-S fuzzy model has been successfully applied in a large number of realistic nonlinear systems from literature [27–29]. Between the controlled output and external input, literatures [30–32] describe that the control minimizes the gain of energy. In the tracking control of output, the system that contains nonlinear perturbations and time-varying delay is studied by Zhang and Yu [33]. In the case of packet loss and time delay, at home and abroad, the scholars are researching the problem about the performance analysis of the network control system with output tracking and the design issues of controller [34]. In literatures [35, 36], the faulty links of communication are often described by the Markov chain and the distribution of Bernoulli random variables. In literature [37], under the links of imperfect communication, the feedback control of output has been studied for the systems of the same category. However, it should be pointed out that the above researches do not take fully into account the links of faulty communication and a complete message of the state vector, which is the critical shortcoming of the state-feedback controller when put into effect in reality. In [38], the design of tracking control is investigated by applying IT2 T-S method and it is employed to a classical practical application which is called mass-spring-damping system. Moreover, the authors researched the presented issue for nonlinear structures in view of the fuzzy observer as well as the influence of unknown state variables and data loss in Ethernet transmission. However, they did not take into account the dynamic output feedback controller in the systems. Therefore, our idea is that for the nonlinear tracking systems of discrete time with packet loss consisting in both the downlink and the uplink a dynamic output feedback controller is designed and the parallel distributed compensation (PDC) using T-S fuzzy model is constructed to tackle nonlinearity.

In this paper, the tracking control of dynamic output feedback is suggested for the fuzzy networked systems with missing data. The independent variables which are called the Bernoulli random variables are considered to design the loss of data packets when it occurs randomly in both the uplink and the downlink. The method of parallel distributed compensation (PDC) in terms of the T-S fuzzy model is employed to plan the dynamic output controller of tracking control. Then, the analysis of performance for the closed-loop system containing dynamic controller is presented. Furthermore, the sufficient conditions in terms of LMIs guarantee that the closed-loop system is stochastically stable in the sense of performance.

The rest of this article is as follows. Under data missing, the researched problem of tracking control for the fuzzy networked systems of the same species is formulated in Section 2. It is presented that the designing of fuzzy dynamic output controller and the performance analysis of output tracking are the main results in Section 3. Section 4 gives a numerical example and in Section 5 we put forward the conclusion of paper.

*Notation. *In this paper, the notation applied is comparatively standard. The matrix transposition is stood for by superscript “” and the space of -dimensional Euclidean is denoted by . Zero matrix and the identity matrix are signified by 0 and , respectively. The symbol ∗ is employed to denote the symmetry term in the expressions of complex matrix and symmetric block matrices, and stands for being real symmetric and positive definite (semidefinite). The space of square-integrable vector over is suggested by . shows matrix norm. shows the norm of Euclidean vector and the norm of is defined by . The notation indicates the expectation of the event . indicates the expectation of the event conditional on the event . It is assumed that the matrices in this paper have compatible dimensions if the dimensions are not demonstrably prescribed.

#### 2. Problem Formulation

Firstly, we consider the T-S fuzzy model. It is a discrete-time nonlinear system with data missing. The overall fuzzy model is described by fuzzy aggregation of the linear models.

##### 2.1. T-S Fuzzy Model

The *-*th rule of the T-S is the following: *Model Rule *where () is the fuzzy set associated with the -th model rule and -th premise variable component; denotes the state vector; denotes the control input vector; denotes the vector of measured output; denotes the vector of controlled output; are external disturbances and . , , , , , , and are local system matrices with appropriate dimensions. are known premise variables. The scalar is the number of rules. The final fuzzy system is listed:where for all we suppose the following: , , , , and . In what follows, we write for brevity.

The designing of fuzzy dynamic output controller is our objective. In this way, the output of the controlled model can track the signal of reference model to satisfy the performance of the required tracking. Assume the reference model as follows:where is the state of reference model; is the controlled output of reference model; is the measured output of reference model; is the input of bounded reference energy; (Hurwitz), , , , and are constant matrices with appropriate dimensions.

From (2) and (3), the augmented error system is as follows:where

##### 2.2. Fuzzy Dynamic Output Feedback Controller Design

Based on the T-S fuzzy model (4), in this paper, we construct the following dynamical output feedback controller: Rule where is the state vector of the controller; is the input vector of the controller; is the output vector of the controller; , , and are matrices with appropriate dimensions. Then

##### 2.3. Unreliable Communication Links

It can be seen that the model is with the links of communication network from Figure 1. In this paper, we consider that a few elements are introduced via network and the loss of data packets occurs randomly in both the uplink and the downlink. Thus and . We represent the above phenomenon by applying a stochastic method and it is described as follows:where and satisfy the process of Bernoulli random distribution. presents the downlink of unreliable communication and describes the uplink. Assume and as follows:According to (8), we obtainCombining (4) and (10), one has the augmented closed-loop system:whereAssume thatthenIn this paper, we design the output feedback controller to ensure the stochastic stability of closed-loop system which fulfills the performance of external disturbance attenuation. Therefore, the definition is as follows.