Mathematical Problems in Engineering / 2018 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Background Modeling with Extracted Dynamic Pixels for Pumping Unit Surveillance

Table 3

Comparisons of BOWED with nine other methods on the pumping unit monitoring videos.

Method video Precision Recall F-Measure FPR FNR PWC

BOWED 1 0.6507 0.7842 0.3493
2 0.6354 0.7752 0.3646 0.0420
3 0.8366 0.0025 0.1634

ViBe [10] 1 0.5146 0.6441 0.5721 0.0213 0.3559 0.0327
2 0.9319 0.6517 0.7670 0.0061 0.3483 0.0451
3 0.5363 0.7331 0.6195 0.0400 0.2669 0.0535

GMM [35] 1 0.7823 0.6027 0.6808 0.0059 0.3973 0.0192
2 0.6197 0.1423 0.2315 0.0112 0.8577 0.1077
3 0.7413 0.3894 0.5106 0.0086 0.6106 0.0443

KDE [11] 1 0.0749 0.9401 0.1387 0.4079 0.0599 0.3961
2 0.3682 0.8760 0.5184 0.1933 0.1240 0.1854
3 0.3609 0.9866 0.5285 0.1103 0.0134 0.1045

PBAS [13] 1 0.7390 0.8783 0.0109 0.1217 0.0146
2 0.7939 0.7402 0.7661 0.0247 0.25980.0515
3 0.6261 0.7502 0.6826 0.02883 0.2498 0.0414

SuBSENSE [27] 1 0.5196 0.9370 0.6685 0.0304 0.0630 0.0315
2 0.8010 0.8019 0.8015 0.0256 0.19810.0453
3 0.5585 0.9782 0.7111 0.0488 0.0218 0.0472

GMG [36] 1 0.3029 0.4632 0.0796 0.0774
2 0.4337 0.5959 0.1598 0.1471
3 0.5679 0.7220 0.0476 0.0453

LOBSTER [28] 1 0.4180 0.8802 0.5669 0.0430 0.1198 0.0456
2 0.9719 0.7194 0.0027 0.2806
3 0.5613 0.9472 0.7049 0.0467 0.0528 0.0471

T2-FGMM with MRF [37] 1 0.4638 0.0123 0.0239 0.0005 0.9877 0.0340
2 0.4340 0.0020 0.0040 0.0005 0.99800.1140
3 0.7001 0.0260 0.0501 0.9740 0.0585

IMBS [38] 1 0.4509 0.8154 0.5806 0.0349 0.1846 0.0399
2 0.8682 0.7479 0.8036 0.0146 0.25210.0417
3 0.5294 0.9302 0.6747 0.0522 0.0698 0.0533

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly and safely as possible. Any author submitting a COVID-19 paper should notify us at help@hindawi.com to ensure their research is fast-tracked and made available on a preprint server as soon as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted articles related to COVID-19. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.