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Investigate the Relationship between the Vehicle Roll Angle and Other Factors When Steering
Rollover is a dangerous phenomenon. It is closely related to the vehicle roll angle. The greater the roll angle, the greater the risk of rollover. The vehicle roll angle when steering depends on many factors, such as the size of the vehicle, speed of movement, steering angle, etc. In this paper, the author has simulated the oscillation of a car when steering using MATLAB® software with three specific cases. The purpose of the study is to evaluate the dependence of the roll angle on other factors. Each case handles two scenarios: vehicle speed change (fixed height) and vehicle height change (fixed speed). The model of a complex dynamic, a combination of many nonlinear components, is used to simulate vehicle oscillations. According to the study’s results, the roll angle will increase if the speed or the distance from the center of gravity (CG) to roll axis (RA) increases, respectively. Once the roll angle’s value rises, the roll index also increases, which causes the dynamic force at the wheel to decrease. If the vertical force at the wheel approaches zero, a rollover may occur. The rollover phenomenon occurred in the second case, corresponding to speeds (km/h) and (km/h). The peak values of the roll angle are 7.77° and 7.63°, respectively. This result helps to identify the factors affecting the rollover phenomenon more clearly.
Performance Evaluation of a Photovoltaic-Thermal Collector Coupled Stepped Solar Still for Indian Climatic Conditions
Freshwater scarcity is increasing across many parts of the globe; to meet this demand, seawater desalination is the best choice, and the electrical energy consumption is escalating due to urbanization and industrialization. Sustainable production of electricity and freshwater can be met by an integrating photovoltaic-thermal (PVT) module with stepped solar still (SSS). The present study focuses on the theoretical modeling of the PVT-SSS desalination system for evaluating thermal efficiency, energy efficiency, freshwater productivity, and electrical power generation. The solar still productivity will be influenced by the depth of water, insulation thickness, glass cover material, thickness and inclination, and operational factors like preheating the input water supply and water salinity. A comparative analysis has been made of summer, winter, and rainy climatic conditions of Vellore town (12.9165° N, 79.1325° E), Tamil Nadu. In the present work, a thermodynamic model based on mass and energy balance is developed for the PVT-SSS system, and it is solved by a numerical method. A Runge-Kutta technique of 4th order is employed using a Python program for solving the thermodynamic simulation model. The results from the model depict that for summer, winter, and rainy climatic seasons, the freshwater productivity of PV/T-SSS was determined to be 12.18 kg/m2day, 6.67 kg/m2day, and 2.77 kg/m2day. Also, it is found that electrical efficiency for summer, winter, and rainy seasons is 8.91%, 9.135%, and 9.53%, respectively. A maximum and minimum freshwater production of 1668 kg/m2 and 1218 kg/m2 are observed for a depth of 2 cm and 5 cm, respectively.
A Study on Wind Pressure Characteristics of a Large-Span Membrane Structure under the Fluctuating Wind in a Vertical Direction Based on a Large Eddy Simulation
This paper reports the wind pressure characteristics on long-span roofs under fluctuating wind in a vertical direction based on a large eddy simulation (LES). Three types of roofs, i.e., saddle, wavy, and continuous arch roofs, are tested. First, the membrane structure canopy is measured, and the model is established for numerical simulation. The computational models and methods are verified by comparing the obtained wind pressure distributions on the roof with the measured results and numerical simulation results under other methods. Next, a numerical simulation is performed to understand not only the wind pressure and the wind speed time series but also the wind vibration responses and fluid-solid coupling. The effects of lateral fluctuating wind at different wind speeds on the wind-induced vibration response and wind pressure distribution of different membrane structures are studied. Based on the results, the wind pressure zones of the roofs are discussed. Furthermore, the original structures are optimized and numerically simulated considering the streamlined design concept to study the influence mechanism of fluctuating wind on the roof in more detail.
Numerical Simulation Study of Progressive Collapse of Reinforced Concrete Frames with Masonry Infill Walls under Blast Loading
The influence of masonry infill walls on the progressive collapse performance of reinforced concrete (RC) frame structures was investigated in this paper, using a nonlinear dynamic analysis approach. Based on ANSYS/LS-DYNA finite element software, two finite element models of RC frame structures with and without masonry infilled walls were established. Then, the collapse modes of the two RC frame structure models were analyzed for different scaled distance blast loads, different locations of column damage, and different span numbers. The results show that with the increase of explosive amount, the collapse degree of the structure is more serious in the same time. Under the condition of destroying the outermost central column, the degree of progressive collapse of the RC frame model with infilled walls in the same time is lower than that of the RC frame model without infilled walls. The RC frame model with infilled walls is more resistant to collapse when the outermost side columns are damaged. With the increase of span number, the structure is more likely to be damaged and collapsed.
Numerical Simulation of Single-Mode 3D Rayleigh-Taylor Instability
Rayleigh-Taylor instability (RTI) is analyzed theoretically by Taylor, and 2-dimensional experimental results are obtained by Lewis in 1950. Over the 72 years, several experiments and theories are developed with the shock-driven Ritchmyer-Meshkov instability (RMI) and the shear-driven Kelvin-Helmholtz instability (KHI). Here, we emphasize the single-mode Rayleigh-Taylor instability (RTI) mixing simulation with a surface area in 3 dimensions. The simulation uses concentration equations and nonzero transport. We observed chaotic interface behavior even for this single-mode simulation, in the sense that the interface appears to have an area proportional to , with respect to its mesh (non)convergence (i.e., rate of divergence) properties.
Low-Frequency Analytical Model of Superconducting Magnet Impedance
A superconducting magnet for particle accelerators is often modeled as an ideal inductor, as it indeed exhibits a completely negligible resistance; this is fully satisfactory, as an example, for control purposes, as the time constant formed by the magnet inductance and the resistance of normal conducting cables connecting it to the power converter accurately describe the essentially dominant dynamics of the circuit. Such a model would however fail to correctly represent the noise attenuation mechanism at play in practical superconducting magnets, which also include a vacuum pipe or a beam screen in the inner part of the aperture, an iron yoke on the outer part, and, potentially, a stainless steel or aluminum collar in between. Even at relatively low frequencies, a more accurate model is therefore needed. A sufficiently general one is proposed and illustrated.