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Modelling and Simulation in Engineering
Volume 2012, Article ID 705078, 10 pages
Research Article

Filter-Based Fading Channel Modeling

1Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182, USA
2Ukalta Engineering, 4344 Enterprise Square, 10230 Jasper Avenue, Edmonton, AB, Canada T5J 4P6
3Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G 2V4

Received 28 April 2012; Accepted 6 August 2012

Academic Editor: Neji Youssef

Copyright © 2012 Amirhossein Alimohammad et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A channel simulator is an essential component in the development and accurate performance evaluation of wireless systems. A key technique for producing statistically accurate fading variates is to shape the flat spectrum of Gaussian variates using digital filters. This paper addresses various challenges when designing real and complex spectrum shaping filters with quantized coefficients for efficient realization of both isotropic and nonisotropic fading channels. An iterative algorithm for designing stable complex infinite impulse response (IIR) filters with fixed-point coefficients is presented. The performance of the proposed filter design algorithm is verified with 16-bit fixed-point simulations of two example fading filters.