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Modelling and Simulation in Engineering
Volume 2017, Article ID 1432586, 7 pages
Research Article

Performance Evaluation and Optimal Management of Distance-Based Registration Using a Semi-Markov Process

1Department of Industrial & Management Engineering, Hanbat National University, Daejeon 34158, Republic of Korea
2Department of Industrial & Management Engineering, Hannam University, Daejeon 34430, Republic of Korea
3Department of Computer, Pyeongtaek University, Pyeongtaek 17869, Republic of Korea
4Department of Industrial & Information Systems Engineering, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 54896, Republic of Korea

Correspondence should be addressed to Jang Hyun Baek;

Received 23 January 2017; Accepted 27 March 2017; Published 10 May 2017

Academic Editor: Azah Mohamed

Copyright © 2017 Jae Joon Suh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


We consider the distance-based registration (DBR) which is a kind of dynamic location registration scheme in a mobile communication network. In the DBR, the location of a mobile station (MS) is updated when it enters a base station more than or equal to a specified distance away from the base station where the location registration for the MS was done last. In this study, we first investigate the existing performance-evaluation methods on the DBR with implicit registration (DBIR) presented to improve the performance of the DBR and point out some problems of the evaluation methods. We propose a new performance-evaluation method for the DBIR scheme using a semi-Markov process (SMP) which can resolve the controversial issues of the existing methods. The numerical results obtained with the proposed SMP model are compared with those from previous models. It is shown that the SMP model should be considered to get an accurate performance of the DBIR scheme.