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Modelling and Simulation in Engineering
Volume 2017, Article ID 6171303, 10 pages
Research Article

Numerical Simulation of Magnetic Field Effect on Cryocooler Regenerators: Temperature Distribution

School of Mechanical Engineering, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab 144411, India

Correspondence should be addressed to Rajendra Kumar; moc.liamg@52nhtiwjar

Received 3 August 2016; Revised 6 November 2016; Accepted 21 November 2016; Published 3 January 2017

Academic Editor: Dimitrios E. Manolakos

Copyright © 2017 Rajendra Kumar and Sumit Shoor. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Regenerative types of cryogenic refrigerators (or cryocoolers) employ magnetic intermetallic compounds of 3d and 4f elements to work well below 10 K. This paper presents the analysis of temperature distribution in regenerators of such cryocoolers under the influence of magnetic fields of 1 T, 3 T, and 4.3 T. Commercial code of finite element analysis (FEA) package, ANSYS (APDL) 14.5, is used to investigate the temperature distribution under above-mentioned fields. is selected as regenerator material and the criteria for its selection are discussed in detail. The cold end temperature is varied from 4.2 K to 10 K and hot end temperature is fixed at 20 K. The values obtained from FEA clearly show that the ineffectiveness of is at 8 K and 10 K at 3 T and 4.3 T.