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Multiple Sclerosis International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 649390, 7 pages
Research Article

Leg Spasticity and Ambulation in Multiple Sclerosis

1Department of Kinesiology and Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 231 Freer Hall, 906 South Goodwin Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
2Department of Neurology, NorthShore University HealthSystem, 2650 Ridge Avenue, Evanston, IL 60201, USA

Received 6 March 2014; Revised 30 April 2014; Accepted 14 May 2014; Published 4 June 2014

Academic Editor: Francesca Bagnato

Copyright © 2014 Swathi Balantrapu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. Spasticity of the legs is common in multiple sclerosis (MS), but there has been limited research examining its association with ambulatory outcomes. Objective. This study examined spasticity of the legs and its association with multiple measures of ambulation in persons with MS. Methods. The sample included 84 patients with MS. Spasticity of the legs was measured using a 5-point rating scale ranging between 0 (normal) and 4 (contracted). Patients completed the 6-minute walk (6 MW), timed 25 foot walk (T25FW), and timed up-and-go (TUG), and O2 cost of walking was measured during the 6 MW. The patients undertook two walking trials on a GAITRite (CIR systems, Inc.) for measuring spatial and temporal parameters of gait. The patients completed the Multiple Sclerosis Walking Scale-12 (MSWS-12) and wore an accelerometer over a seven-day period. Results. 52% () of the sample presented with spasticity of the legs. Those with leg spasticity had significantly worse ambulation as measured by 6 MW (, ), T25FW (), TUG (, ), MSWS-12 (), O2 cost of walking (, ), average steps/day (, ), and walking velocity (, ) and cadence (, ). Conclusion. Leg spasticity was associated with impairments in ambulation, including alterations in spatiotemporal parameters and free-living walking.