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Multiple Sclerosis International
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 828162, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/828162
Research Article

Autoimmune Disease Prevalence in a Multiple Sclerosis Cohort in Argentina

1Department of Neurology, Institute for Neurological Research Dr. Raúl Carrea, FLENI, Montañeses 2325, 1428 Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina
2Hospital de Clínicas José de San Martín, Avenida Córdoba 2351, 1428 Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina

Received 7 March 2014; Accepted 16 July 2014; Published 6 August 2014

Academic Editor: Gianvito Martino

Copyright © 2014 Mauricio F. Farez et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Comorbid autoimmune diseases in MS patients have been studied extensively with controversial results. Moreover, no such data exists for Latin-American MS patients. Methods. We conducted a case-control study aimed to establish the prevalence of autoimmune disorders in a cohort of Argentinean MS patients. Results. There were no significant differences in autoimmune disease prevalence in MS patients with respect to controls. The presence of one or more autoimmune disorders did not increase risk of MS (OR 0.85, 95% CI 0.6–1.3). Discussion. Our results indicate absence of increased comorbid autoimmune disease prevalence in MS patients, as well as of increased risk of MS in patients suffering from other autoimmune disorders.