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Journal of Neural Transplantation and Plasticity
Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 157-166
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/NP.1993.157

Trained and Amphetamine-Induced Circling Behavior in Lesioned, Transplanted Rats

1Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, 4200 East Ninth Avenue, C-237, Denver, Colorado 80262, USA
2Department of Pharmacological and Physiological Sciences, University of Chicago, 947 E. 58th street, Chicago, IL 60637, USA

Copyright © 1993 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Rats were trained to turn for water reinforcement and then were given unilateral 6- hydroxydopamine lesions. After lesion, rats showed deficits in trained turning both contraand ipsilateral to the side of the lesion, with contralateral turning more severely impaired. The lesioned rats were then transplanted with fetal mesencephalic dopamine tissue into striatum. A control group of lesioned rats were sham transplanted. Four weeks after transplant, 1.5 mg/kg D-amphetamine challenge injections were used to test the functioning of the transplants. In the control rats, D-amphetamine induced ipsilateral turning; in transplanted rats, D-amphetamine slowed the rate of ipsilateral turning or reversed the direction of amphetamine-induced rotation. Only rats which reversed their, amphetamine-induced turn direction after transplant were used for the rest of the experiment. Trained turning was assessed at 4, 8, 12 and 16 weeks post transplant. Transplants did not improve learned performance at any time post transplant. When D-amphetamine was administered in conjunction with the trained turning sessions, a low dose (0.12 mg/kg) enhanced contralateral trained turn rates, without affecting ipsilateral turn rates. Higher doses of amphetamine reduced ipsilateral turn rate in the transplanted animals. The results of this study suggest that transplants alone do not reinstate performance of conditioned rotation.