Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Neural Plasticity
Volume 2014, Article ID 436713, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/436713
Clinical Study

Auditory Cortex tACS and tRNS for Tinnitus: Single versus Multiple Sessions

1Department of Translational Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, University of Antwerp, Campus Drie Eiken, Universiteitsplein 1, Wilrijk, 2610 Antwerpen, Belgium
2Department of Surgical Sciences, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
3Lab for Clinical & Integrative Neuroscience, School of Behavioral & Brain Science, University of Texas at Dallas, W. 1966 Inwood Road, Dallas, TX 75235, USA

Received 18 June 2014; Accepted 14 October 2014; Published 22 December 2014

Academic Editor: Aage R. Møller

Copyright © 2014 Laura Claes et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Y. Chan, “Tinnitus: ediology, classification, characteristics, and treatment,” Discovery Medicine, vol. 8, no. 42, pp. 133–136, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J. A. Henry, K. C. Dennis, and M. A. Schechter, “General review of tinnitus: prevalence, mechanisms, effects, and management,” Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 1204–1235, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. C. P. Lanting, E. de Kleine, and P. van Dijk, “Neural activity underlying tinnitus generation: results from PET and fMRI,” Hearing Research, vol. 255, no. 1-2, pp. 1–13, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. J. Heller, “Classification and epidemiology of tinnitus,” Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 239–248, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. C. Saunders, “The role of central nervous system plasticity in tinnitus,” Journal of Communication Disorders, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 313–334, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. Landgrebe, B. Langguth, K. Rosengarth et al., “Structural brain changes in tinnitus: grey matter decrease in auditory and non-auditory brain areas,” NeuroImage, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 213–218, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. N. Weisz, S. Müller, W. Schlee, K. Dohrmann, T. Hartmann, and T. Elbert, “The neural code of auditory phantom perception,” The Journal of Neuroscience, vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 1479–1484, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M. Mühlau, J. P. Rauschecker, E. Oestreicher et al., “Structural brain changes in tinnitus,” Cerebral Cortex, vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 1283–1288, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. W. Schlee, T. Hartmann, B. Langguth, and N. Weisz, “Abnormal resting-state cortical coupling in chronic tinnitus,” BMC Neuroscience, vol. 10, article 11, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. D. De Ridder, S. Vanneste, and W. Freeman, “The Bayesian brain: phantom percepts resolve sensory uncertainty,” Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, vol. 44, pp. 4–15, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. A. B. Elgoyhen, B. Langguth, S. Vanneste, and D. de Ridder, “Tinnitus: network path physiology-network pharmacology,” Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience, vol. 2012, article 1, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. D. de Ridder, A. B. Elgoyhen, R. Romo, and B. Langguth, “Phantom percepts: tinnitus and pain as persisting aversive memory networks,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 108, no. 20, pp. 8075–8080, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. P. J. Jastreboff, “Phantom auditory perception (tinnitus): mechanisms of generation and perception,” Neuroscience Research, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 221–254, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. D. de Ridder, S. Vanneste, N. Weisz et al., “An integrative model of auditory phantom perception: tinnitus as a unified percept of interacting separable subnetworks,” Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, vol. 44, pp. 16–32, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. W. Mühlnickel, T. Elbert, E. Taub, and H. Flor, “Reorganization of auditory cortex in tinnitus,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 95, no. 17, pp. 10340–10343, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. D. R. Langers, E. de Kleine, and P. van Dijk, “Tinnitus does not require macroscopic tonotopic map reorganization,” Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience, vol. 6, article 2, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. A. R. Moller, “Pathophysiology of tinnitus,” Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America, vol. 36, pp. 249–266, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. H. Bartels, M. J. Staal, and F. W. J. Albers, “Tinnitus and neural plasticity of the brain,” Otology and Neurotology, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 178–184, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. J. Eggermont, “Role of auditory cortex in noise and drug-induced tinnitus,” The American Journal of Audiology, vol. 17, pp. S162–S169, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. D. de Ridd, E. van der Loo, S. Vanneste et al., “Theta-gamma dysrhythmia and auditory phantom perception: case report,” Journal of Neurosurgery, vol. 114, no. 4, pp. 912–921, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. B. Langguth, D. de Ridder, J. L. Dornhoffer et al., “Controversy: does repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation/ transcranial direct current stimulation show efficacy in treating tinnitus patients?” Brain Stimulation, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 192–205, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. S. W. Hughes and V. Crunelli, “Just a phase they're going through: the complex interaction of intrinsic high-threshold bursting and gap junctions in the generation of thalamic α and θ rhythms,” International Journal of Psychophysiology, vol. 64, no. 1, pp. 3–17, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. N. Weisz, S. Moratti, M. Meinzer, K. Dohrmann, and T. Elbert, “Tinnitus perception and distress is related to abnormal spontaneous brain activity as measured by magnetoencephalography,” PLoS Medicine, vol. 2, no. 6, article e153, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. W. Dandy, “Surgical treatment of Ménière's disease,” Surgery, Gynecology & Obstetrics, vol. 72, pp. 421–425, 1941. View at Google Scholar
  25. N. Weisz, T. Hartmann, N. Müller, I. Lorenz, and J. Obleser, “Alpha rhythms in audition: cognitive and clinical perspectives,” Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 2, Article ID Article 73, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. I. Lorenz, N. Müller, W. Schlee, T. Hartmann, and N. Weisz, “Loss of alpha power is related to increased gamma synchronization—a marker of reduced inhibition in tinnitus?” Neuroscience Letters, vol. 453, no. 3, pp. 225–228, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. F. Fregni, R. Marcondes, P. S. Boggio et al., “Transient tinnitus suppression induced by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and transcranial direct current stimulation,” European Journal of Neurology, vol. 13, no. 9, pp. 996–1001, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. P. Garin, C. Gilain, J.-P. van Damme et al., “Short- and long-lasting tinnitus relief induced by transcranial direct current stimulation,” Journal of Neurology, vol. 258, no. 11, pp. 1940–1948, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. S. Vanneste and D. de Ridder, “Bifrontal transcranial direct current stimulation modulates tinnitus intensity and tinnitus-distress-related brain activity,” European Journal of Neuroscience, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 605–614, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. S. Vanneste and D. De Ridder, “Differences between a single session and repeated sessions of 1 Hz TMS by double-cone coil prefrontal stimulation for the improvement of tinnitus,” Brain Stimulation, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 155–159, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. S. Vanneste, M. Plazier, J. Ost, E. Van Der Loo, P. Van De Heyning, and D. De Ridder, “Bilateral dorsolateral prefrontal cortex modulation for tinnitus by transcranial direct current stimulation: a preliminary clinical study,” Experimental Brain Research, vol. 202, no. 4, pp. 779–785, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. M. Faber, S. Vanneste, F. Fregni, and D. de Ridder, “Top down prefrontal affective modulation of tinnitus with multiple sessions of tDCS of dorsolateral prefrontal cortex,” Brain Stimulation, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 492–498, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. E. Frank, M. Schecklmann, M. Landgrebe et al., “Treatment of chronic tinnitus with repeated sessions of prefrontal transcranial direct current stimulation: outcomes from an open-label pilot study,” Journal of Neurology, vol. 259, no. 2, pp. 327–333, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. G. S. Shekhawat, C. M. Stinear, and G. D. Searchfield, “Transcranial direct current stimulation intensity and duration effects on tinnitus suppression,” Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 164–172, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. S. Zaghi, L. D. F. Rezende, L. M. de Oliveira et al., “Inhibition of motor cortex excitability with 15Hz transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS),” Neuroscience Letters, vol. 479, no. 3, pp. 211–214, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. R. Kanai, W. Paulus, and V. Walsh, “Transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS) modulates cortical excitability as assessed by TMS-induced phosphene thresholds,” Clinical Neurophysiology, vol. 121, no. 9, pp. 1551–1554, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. L. Chaieb, A. Antal, and W. Paulus, “Transcranial alternating current stimulation in the low kHz range increases motor cortex excitability,” Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 167–175, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. C. S. Herrmann, S. Rach, T. Neuling, and D. Strüber, “Transcranial alternating current stimulation: a review of the underlying mechanisms and modulation of cognitive processes,” Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, vol. 7, article 279, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. T. Zaehle, S. Rach, and C. S. Herrmann, “Transcranial alternating current stimulation enhances individual alpha activity in human EEG,” PLoS ONE, vol. 5, no. 11, Article ID e13766, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. A. Fertonani, C. Pirulli, and C. Miniussi, “Random noise stimulation improves neuroplasticity in perceptual learning,” The Journal of Neuroscience, vol. 31, no. 43, pp. 15416–15423, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. D. Terney, L. Chaieb, V. Moliadze, A. Antal, and W. Paulus, “Increasing human brain excitability by transcranial high-frequency random noise stimulation,” The Journal of Neuroscience, vol. 28, no. 52, pp. 14147–14155, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. V. Moliadze, D. Atalay, A. Antal, and W. Paulus, “Close to threshold transcranial electrical stimulation preferentially activates inhibitory networks before switching to excitation with higher intensities,” Brain Stimulation, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 505–511, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. W. Paulus, “Transcranial electrical stimulation (tES - tDCS; tRNS, tACS) methods,” Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 602–617, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. G. G. Ambrus, W. Paulus, and A. Antal, “Cutaneous perception thresholds of electrical stimulation methods: comparison of tDCS and tRNS,” Clinical Neurophysiology, vol. 121, no. 11, pp. 1908–1914, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. L. Chaieb, G. Kovacs, C. Cziraki, M. Greenlee, W. Paulus, and A. Antal, “Short-duration transcranial random noise stimulation induces blood oxygenation level dependent response attenuation in the human motor cortex,” Experimental Brain Research, vol. 198, no. 4, pp. 439–444, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. C. J. Stagg and M. A. Nitsche, “Physiological basis of transcranial direct current stimulation,” Neuroscientist, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 37–53, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. H. Wang, X. Wang, and H. Scheich, “LTD and LTP induced by transcranial magnetic stimulation in auditory cortex,” NeuroReport, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 521–525, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. W. Klimesch, M. Doppelmayr, J. Schwaiger, P. Auinger, and T. Winkler, ““Paradoxical” alpha synchronization in a memory task,” Cognitive Brain Research, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 493–501, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. A. R. Brunoni, R. Ferrucci, M. Bortolomasi et al., “Interactions between transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and pharmacological interventions in the Major Depressive Episode: findings from a naturalistic study,” European Journal of Psychiatry, no. 6, pp. 356–361, 2013. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. S. Vanneste, F. Fregni, and D. De Ridder, “Head-to-head comparison of transcranial random noise stimulation, transcranial AC stimulation, and transcranial DC stimulation for tinnitus,” Frontiers in Psychiatry, vol. 4, article 158, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. F. Moss, L. M. Ward, and W. G. Sannita, “Stochastic resonance and sensory information processing: a tutorial and review of application,” Clinical Neurophysiology, vol. 115, no. 2, pp. 267–281, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. S. Vanneste, M. Plazier, E. van der Loo, P. V. de Heyning, M. Congedo, and D. de Ridder, “The neural correlates of tinnitus-related distress,” NeuroImage, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 470–480, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. D. de Ridder, S. Vanneste, and M. Congedo, “The distressed brain: a group blind source separation analysis on tinnitus,” PLoS ONE, vol. 6, no. 10, Article ID e24273, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. K. Joos, S. van neste, and D. de Ridder, “Disentangling depression and distress networks in the tinnitus brain,” PLoS ONE, vol. 7, no. 7, Article ID e40544, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus