Effects of Exercise in Immersive Virtual Environments on Cortical Neural Oscillations and Mental State
Perceived sense of presence [absolute values].
0.22 ± 0.13
3.44 ± 0.41
5.44 ± 0.46
0.06 ± 0.06
4.67 ± 0.41
7.22 ± 0.34
Perceived sense of presence, expressed as absolute values (scale: 0 = no sense of presence at all, 10 = full sense of presence), was measured before (rest) and following No-Exercise (automatic drive) and Exercise (moderate cycling) trials within three levels of virtual environment exposure (Control; OSM: one-screen mode; TSM: three-screen mode). indicates a significant difference compared with Control (); difference compared with OSM (); †difference between Exercise and No-Exercise trials (). Data are mean ± SEM ().