Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Neural Plasticity
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 679815, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/679815
Research Article

Change of Neural Connectivity of the Red Nucleus in Patients with Striatocapsular Hemorrhage: A Diffusion Tensor Tractography Study

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, 317-1 Daemyung Dong, Namku, Daegu 705-717, Republic of Korea

Received 27 January 2015; Revised 21 June 2015; Accepted 22 June 2015

Academic Editor: James M. Wyss

Copyright © 2015 Sung Ho Jang and Hyeok Gyu Kwon. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The red nucleus (RN) is involved in motor control and it is known to have potential to compensate for injury of the corticospinal tract (CST). We investigated the change of connectivity of the RN (RNc) and its relation to motor function in patients with striatocapsular hemorrhage. Thirty-five chronic patients with striatocapsular hemorrhage were recruited. Motricity Index (MI), Modified Brunnstrom Classification (MBC), and Functional Ambulation Category (FAC) were measured for motor function. The probabilistic tractography method was used for evaluation of the RNc. Fractional anisotropy (FA), mean diffusivity (MD), and tract volume (TV) of the RNc were measured. FA and TV ratios of the RNc in patients with discontinuation of the affected CST were significantly higher than those of patients with preserved integrity of the CST in the affected hemisphere (). TV ratio of the RNc showed significant negative correlation with upper MI (weak correlation, ), total MI (weak correlation, ), and MBC (moderate correlation, ), respectively (). We found that the neural structure of the RNc was relatively increased in the unaffected hemisphere compared with the affected hemisphere in patients with more severe injury of the CST.