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Neural Plasticity
Volume 2017, Article ID 3480413, 11 pages
Research Article

Exercise Modality Is Differentially Associated with Neurocognition in Older Adults

1Graduate Institute of Athletics and Coaching Science, National Taiwan Sport University, Taoyuan County, Taiwan
2Department of Sports Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
3College of Physical Education, Yangzhou University, Jiangsu, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Ai-Guo Chen; nc.ude.uzy@nehcga

Received 6 February 2017; Accepted 15 March 2017; Published 19 April 2017

Academic Editor: Pablo Galeano

Copyright © 2017 Yu-Kai Chang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This study explored the effects of exercise modality and type of fitness index on cognitive function in the older adults as assessed via behavioral and neuroelectrical approaches. Sixty older adults were assigned to an aerobic exercise, a coordination exercise, or a control group based on their previous exercise experience. The participants completed congruent and incongruent trials of a modified Stroop Test, during which, event-related potentials were recorded. The participants also completed multiple physical tests that assessed health- and skill-related fitness. Our findings suggest that, in general, both aerobic and coordination exercise, as well as higher scores on health- and skill-related fitness indices, are positively associated with better performance of various cognitive functions in the elderly population. The mechanisms underlying these relationships may be differentially related to specific neuroelectrical processes involved in neurocognitive control.